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青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司整理發布  2015-9-12 

       

 土建英語詞匯 Civil English Glossary 土建英語詞匯
Civil English Glossary

一、設計專業
工藝(專業):process design/engineering
系統(專業):systems engineering
設備(專業):equipment engineering
布置(專業):plant layout engineering
管道設計(專業):piping design
管道機械(專業) :piping mechanical
engineering
儀表(專業):instruments engineering
電氣(專業):electrical engineering
建筑(專業):architectural
土建(專業):civil engineering
設計階段:engineering phase
基礎工程設計階段:
basic engineering phase
詳細工程設計階段:
detailed engineering phase

二、圖紙
揚子石化—巴斯夫有限責任公司
BASF-YPC Company Limited

一體化石化項目—中國,南京
IPS PROJECT—NANJING,CHINA

中國石化洛陽石油化工工程公司:
SINOPEC LUOYANG
PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
CORP.
中??橋頗蝦J钅浚?
CSPC NANHAI PETROCHEMICALS
PROJECT
麗東芳烴項目:
LIDONG AROMATICS COMPLEX
PROJECT
冷卻塔(南區):
COOLING TOWERS (SOUTH)

施工圖紙:Working drawing,
Construction drawing
工藝裝置:Process unit
工藝流程圖:Process flow diagram [PED]
裝置布置圖:Plot plan
會簽:Inter discipline check
圖號:DWG NO.
資質等級 grade of qualification
設計: designed by
校對: checked by
審核: supervisor
附注: notes
圖例: legend
剖面: section
平面圖: layout plan
立面圖: elevation
結構布置圖: structure plan

1配筋圖: reinforcing plan
模板圖: form plan

二、結構
基?。?foundation
基礎梁: foundation beam
樁基?。?pile foundation
樁承臺: pile capping

打樁機: pile driver
振動打樁機: vibratory driver
打樁: pile driving

Z2101泵吸水池詳圖: pump basin detail
for Z2101
冷卻塔水池: Cooling tower basin
池壁: wall
伸縮縫: expansion and contraction joint
底板: bottom slab
水池頂板:basin top slab

風機基礎詳圖: fan foundation detail
現澆墻板: cast-in-place wall panel
預制墻板: pre-cast wall panel
鋼筋混凝土框架:
reinforced concrete frame
鋼筋混凝土柱:
reinforced concrete column
牛腿: bracket

鋼筋混凝土現澆板: cast-in-place
reinforced concrete slab
地下管道: underground trench
斜梁: stringer
平臺梁: beams of platform
懸臂梁: cantilever beam
女兒墻: parapet

人孔蓋板: manhole cover
集水坑; catchment pit
溢流槽: flood relief channel
爬梯: ladder
pretensioned spun concrete piles
先張法預應力混凝土管樁

三、材料
預埋件 embedded plate
鋼板 steel plate
鋼圓環: steel ring plate
雨水篦子板: rain water grating
鋼筋 reinforcing bar
熱軋光圓鋼筋: hot rolled plain steel
bars
熱軋帶肋鋼筋: hot rolled ribbed steel
bars
I 級: grade I
插筋: anchor rebar
鋼筋錨固長度:bond length of rebars
鋼筋搭接: bar splicing

2箍筋: stirrup
縱向鋼筋: longitudinal bar
彎起鋼筋,元寶筋: bend bar
鋼筋間距: rod spacing
搭接長度: overlapping length

不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
支架: support
電纜槽盒支架: cable trench support
儀表槽盒支架: instrument trench
support
螺母: nut
錨栓: anchor bolt
M30 六角螺帽: M30 six angle screw cap
外露100,絲扣 80: outcrop 100, thread 80
地腳螺栓,基礎螺栓: foundation bolt

墊片: washer
間隔布置: interval set

早強劑: early-strength admixture
防凍附加劑: antifreeze admixture
混凝土:C40 concrete: class:40
細石混凝土: fine aggregate concrete
配合比: mixture ratio
抗滲等級:P8 seepage class::P8
抗壓強度: compression strength
混凝土?;げ愫穸齲簃inimum concrete
cover
砂: sand
卵石: pebble
碎石: crushed stone
礫石: gravel
骨料: aggregate

水泥: cement
普通硅酸鹽水泥:
ordinary portland cement
粘土磚: clay brick
墊層: cushion

裝飾工程(抹灰、涂料、刷漿)
1:2 水泥砂漿 20厚:
1:2 cenment mortar thickness 20mm
找平層: leveling blacket
抹灰:plastering
抹平,找平:screeding
抹光,壓光:trowel finish
抹子:trowel

抹灰底層: rendering coat
抹灰罩面層:setting coat
灌縫: grout
填料: filling
收水器: drift eliminator

工藝管道:process pipe
套管: pipe sleeve
3壁厚: wall thickness
翼環: plate ring
石棉水泥: asbestos cement
油麻: oil-- hemp
橡膠止水帶:rubber water stop
密封膠: joint sealant
填縫板: joint filler
瀝青涂層: asphalt coating
鍍鋅鐵皮:galvanized iron sheet

四、測量
軸線: axes
坐標:coordinate
標高: elevation; datum mark
中心標高: center elevation
相對標高: relative elevation
絕對標高: absolute elevation
平面控制: plane control
高程控制: elevation control
經緯儀: transit
水準儀: surveyor’s level
水準點: bench mark
基準點,標高: datum mark
坐標控制點:the coordinate control points
測桿: surveying rod
鋼卷尺: steel tape

五、項目管理
項目經理:Project Manager
設計經理:Engineering Manager
施工經理:Construction Manager
QA/QC經理:QA/QC Manager
HSE經理:HSE Manager
采購經理:Procurement Manager
控制經理:Control Manager
承包商: contractor
分包商: Subcontractor
分包合同:subcontract
項目計劃:project plan
(項目)設計計劃:(project) engineering
plan
(項目)采購計劃:(project) procurement
plan
(項目)施工計劃:(project) construction
plan
(項目)開車計劃:(project) start-up plan

項目主進度計劃:project master schedule
詳細進度計劃:detailed schedule
進度控制:schedule control; progress
control
進度提前:ahead of schedule
進度拖延:schedule delay
開車:start-up
試車:commissioning
投料試車:Start-up; test run; initial
operations
用戶驗收,裝置驗收:Client acceptance;
Plant acceptance
4
六、招標、投標、合同
投標書: Form of Bid
簽署人:Signed by
投標文件:The Bid Documents
商務標:confidential commercial bid
技術標:Technical Bid
報價表:Cost Breakdown Sheet
投標確認書:Form of acknowledgement
投標邀請函(招標文件): ITB Documents
投標邀請函: invitation to bid
第一部分(節) : sectionⅠ.
給投標人的指令: instruction to bidder
section Ⅱ.
合同協議書(草案):
contract agreement(draft)
section Ⅲ.
合同條件: conditions of contract
section Ⅳ.
合同附件: Appendix for the contract
投標保函:bid bond
履約保函:performance bind
履約擔保書:performance bank guarantee
授權委托書:power of attorney
委托代理人(被授權人) :Signature of
Attorney
法定代表人(授權人):Signature of legal
representative
合同生效日期:Effective date of the
contract
合同終止:termination of contract
合同失效:frustration of contract
總價合同:lump-sum contract【L-S】
(固定)單價合同:(fixed) unit price
contract
償付合同,成本加酬金合同:(cost)
reimbursable contract; cost-plus(fee)
contract 【C-P】
預付款:advance payment; down payment
保留金:retentin money
最終付款:final payment
未可預見費:contingency
七、施工
開工會議:kick-off meeting
施工組織設計:construction execution
plan
施工技術方案:technical proposal
工期: construction period
施工階段:construction stage (phase)
施工進度:construction progress
工程進度款:progress payment
工程量:quantities
工程造價:construction cost
工程預算:construction budget

工日:man-day
工時:man-hour
工地, 施工現?。?
Building site, construction site
5安裝工程:installation work
安裝費: installation expenses
施工單位: construction unit
安全帽: protective cap, safety helmet
安全帶: protecting band, safety belt

七、施工機械設備
挖掘: excavate
挖土機: excavator
履帶式推土機:crawler dozer
履帶式起重機:crawler crane
反鏟挖土機: back digger
挖溝機: trench digger
鏟運機: scraper
壓路機: road roller
翻斗車: tipping skip
自卸卡車: dumping truck
灑水車: sprinkler
土方工程: earth work
回填: back fill
蛙式打夯機: frog rammer
基坑:foundation pit
鋼筋切斷機: bar cutter
鋼筋彎曲機: angle--bender
調直機: straightener

八、地基處理
地基處理:ground treatment
復合地基:
地基承載力特征值:
換填墊層法:
強夯:dynamic compaction
振沖碎石樁:VCS. Piles (vibroflotation
crushed stone piles)

九、砼工程
腳手架: scaffold
單排豎管腳手架:putlog scaffold
雙排豎管腳手架:independent scaffold
管子腳手架:pipe scaffold
滿堂腳手架:full framing
立桿: the standing pole
掃地桿: ground bars
橫桿: ledger
防護欄: protective barrier,
guard rail
腳手板: scaffold board
扣件: coupler
十字扣件:double coupler
旋轉扣件:swivel coupler
套筒扣件:sleeve coupler
隔離劑: isolating agent
鋼筋加工: rebar fabrication
鋼筋連接: rebar connection
鐵絲: iron wire
綁扎 lashing
搭接: lap
搭接接頭: lap joint
6焊接: welding
焊接接頭: welded joint
搭接焊: lap welding
砂漿墊塊 mortar block

制模,模板工程 formwork
模板: form
組合鋼模板: combined steel formwork
模板配板: formwork configuration
模板支設: formwork erection
模板接縫: the formwork joint
安裝偏差: installation deviation
起拱: arch camber
模板拆除: formwork removal

澆灌混凝土: cast concrete, placing
concrete, depositing concrete,
concrete pouring
泵送混凝土: pumping of concrete
混凝土中心攪拌站: centralized concrete
mixing plant
混凝土攪拌汽車; concrete mixer truck
混凝土攪拌: concrete agitation
振搗混凝土: vibrated concrete
插入式振搗器: insertion type vibrator
平板振動器: plate vibrator
抹子,泥刀: trowel
抹灰,抹光: toweling

坍落度:slump
兩組試塊: two sets of testing blocks
混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
concrete
混凝土施工縫處理:
treatment of concrete construction joint
初凝: initial set
初凝時間: initial setting time
終凝:final set
終凝時間:final setting time
拆除模板: form removal, form stripping
混凝土養護 concrete curing
草墊: straw mattress
加熱器: heater
溫度計: thermometer
回填 back fill
回填夯實 backfill consolidation

九、鋼結構

鋼結構: steel structure

涂層: coating
油漆,涂料: paint
底漆: paint primer
中間漆:intermediate painting
面漆: finish coat

透底: disclosure
7流墜: hanging
皺皮: wrinkle
漏涂: miss painting
返銹: rust again
漆膜厚度: film thickness
結構構件: structural member
桁 架: truss
垂直支撐:vertical bracing
小立柱: post
WA325鋼格板: WA325 grating
斜梁: stringer
踏步板: treads
踏步鋼格板: grating for stair tread
鋼梯: steel stairway
斜梯欄桿: guard rails
不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
平臺欄桿: GR of platform
脹錨螺栓: expansion bolts
預制場地: prefabrication area
原材料: raw material
半成品: semi-finished goods
切割: cutting
打磨坡口: grinding
除銹: remove rust, cleaning
噴砂: sand blasting
型鋼: section steel
熱軋工字鋼: hot-rolled I-beam steel
熱軋槽鋼: hot-rolled channel steel
熱軋 H型鋼: hot-rolled H steel
熱軋鋼板: hot-rolled plates
熱軋等邊角鋼:hot-rolled equal-leg angle
steel
熱軋不等邊角鋼:hot-rolled unequal-leg
angle steel
無縫鋼管: seamless steel pipes
不銹鋼板: stainless steel plate
扁 鋼: strap steel
垂直度: Verticality
分片組裝: be assembled by sections
現場成框: framed at site
焊縫: weld seam
焊縫高度: weld height
焊縫長度: weld length
V型和 U 型坡口:
V-type and U-type bevel
焊槍: welding gun
焊機: welding machine
焊炬: welding torch
氣焊: gas welding
電焊: electric welding
手工焊: hand welding
自動和半自動電弧焊:
automatic and semi-automatic welding
對焊: butt welding
角焊縫: fillet
焊條: weld rod, electrode
斷續焊接: gap welding

8針孔: Pinhole
裂紋: Crack
夾渣: Slag
燒穿: Burning out
咬邊: Undercut
漏焊: Losing welding
未焊透:Lack of fusion
弧坑: Concavity
磨光機: Grinding machine
打磨: Grind
半自動切割機:
Semi-automatic welding machine
火焰切割: Torch cutting
機械鉆孔: Drill by machine
焊條保溫筒:Rod oven
噴砂除銹:The sand blasting
高強度大六角頭螺栓連接副:
Set of big hexagonal high-strength bolt
抗滑移系數:Slide coefficient of faying
surface
扭矩系數: torsional moment
coefficient
扭矩扳手: torsional moment wrench
電子軸力計: electronics ergometer
萬能材料試驗機:testing machine
終擰扭矩:final torsional moment (N.m)
預拉力: prestressed

十、蓄水試驗
蓄水試驗 water filling test
水深: water depth
允許滲水量(L/m2
· d):
bleed-off allowance
水面面積: water level area
濕潤面積: wet area
測讀時間: reading time
初讀; start reading
末讀: end reading
水位測針讀數:water level meter reading
蒸發水箱水位測針讀數:
water level meter reading
in the evaporation water box

大氣溫度: atmosphere temperature
水溫: water temperature
實際滲水量(L/m2
· d):
actual water bleed-off

十一、 地基檢測
青島芳烴工程巖土工程勘察報告(2004
堪-02):
The geotechnical investigation report in
Qingdao aromatics complex
project(2004kan-02)

樁基低應變動力檢測報告:
Inspection report of low stain
dynamic testing of pile
9基樁高應變動力檢測 high strain
dynamic testing of piles
單樁靜載試驗 static test of single pile
單樁豎向抗壓靜載試驗 vertical
compression bearing capacity static
test for single pile
單樁水平靜載試驗:lateral bearing
capacity static test for single pile
單樁豎向抗拔靜載試驗: vertical
up-lifting bearing capacity static test
for single pile
單樁豎向抗壓極限承載力:vertical
ultimate compress bearing capacity
for a single pile
樁側摩阻力:skin friction resistance
樁端阻力:end bearing resistance

單樁水平極限承載力:ultimate lateral
bearing capacity for a single pile
樁頂水平位移:lateral displacement

單樁豎向抗拔極限承載力:ultimate
vertical up-lifting bearing capacity for
a single pile
工程地質概況:
engineering conditions of soils
素填土: Plain Fill
粉質粘土: Silty Clay
粉土: Silt
淤泥質粉質粘土:Sludgy Silty Clay
粉砂:Silty Sand
中粗砂 medium sand
中細砂 fine sand

高壓縮性: high compressibility
中等壓縮性: medium compressibility
低壓縮性: low compressibility

可塑~硬塑狀態: plastic-hard plastic
流塑狀態: flow plastic
局部軟塑狀態: partly soft plastic
飽和 saturated
松散 incompact

泥質粉砂巖: Muddy Silty stone
粉砂質泥巖: Silty mudstone
泥巖: Mudstone
強風化: high weathered
中等風化: medium weathered
反射波法: method of reflection wave
波形曲線變化特征:
Change characteristics of wave curve
輕微裂縫: slight defective pile
樁身完整: pile of body integrity
缺陷: defect
斷樁: breakage of pile
擴頸: enlargement of pile diameter
縮頸: pile diameter reduction
10夾泥: slurry mixture
離析: concrete segregation

十、質量檢查驗收
質量控制點:quality control point
地基驗槽:ground inspection
平面放線:plane setting out
鋼筋驗收: Steel rebar acceptance
inspection
模板驗收: formwork acceptance
inspection
混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
concrete
剪力墻:shear wall
基?。篺oundation
剪力:shear
剪切變形:shear deformation
剪切模量:shear modulus
拉力:tension
壓力:pressure
延伸率:percentage of elongation
位移:displacement
應力:stress
應變:strain
應力集中:concentration of stresses
應力松弛:stress relaxation
應力圖:stress diagram
應力應變曲線:stress-strain curve
應力狀態:state of stress
鋼絲:steel wire
箍筋:hoop reinforcement
箍筋間距:stirrup spacing
加載:loading
抗壓強度:compressive strength
抗彎強度:bending strength
抗扭強度:torsional strength
抗拉強度:tensile strength
裂縫:crack
屈服:yield
屈服點:yield point
屈服荷載:yield load
屈服極限:limit of yielding
屈服強度:yield strength
屈服強度下限:lower limit of yield
荷載:load
橫截面:cross section
承載力:bearing capacity
承重結構:bearing structure
彈性模量:elastic modulus
預應力鋼筋混凝土: prestressed
reinforced concrete
預應力鋼筋:prestressed reinforcement
預應力損失:loss of prestress
預制板:precast slab
現澆鋼筋混凝土結構:cast-in-place
reinforced concrete
雙向配筋:two-way reinforcement
主梁:main beam
11 12
次梁:secondary beam
彎矩:moment
懸臂梁:cantilever beam
延性:ductileity
受彎構件:member in bending
受拉區:tensile region
受壓區:compressive region
塑性:plasticity
軸向壓力:axial pressure
軸向拉力:axial tension
吊車梁:crane beam
可靠性:reliability
粘結力:cohesive force
外力:external force
彎起鋼筋:bent-up bar
彎曲破壞:bending failure
屋架:roof truss
素混凝土:non-reinforced concrete
無梁樓蓋:flat slab
配筋率:reinforcement ratio
配箍率:stirrup ratio
泊松比:Poisson’s ratio
偏心受拉:eccentric tension
偏心受壓:eccentric compression
偏心距:eccentric distance
疲勞強度:fatigue strength
偏心荷載:eccentric load
跨度:span
跨高比:span-to-depth ratio
跨中荷載:mid-span load
框架結構:frame structure
集中荷載:concentrated load
分布荷載:distribution load
分布鋼筋:distribution steel
撓度:deflection
設計荷載:design load
設計強度:design strength
構造:construction
簡支梁:simple beam
截面面積:area of section
澆注:pouring
澆注混凝土:concreting
鋼筋搭接:bar splicing
剛架:rigid frame
脆性:brittleness
脆性破壞:brittle failure

十一、交工技術文件
交工技術文件 technical document for
construction completion

工程材料:construction material
出廠合格證:Ex-work quality certificate
鋼材性能檢測報告: steel material
performance testing report
鋼材試驗報告:steel testing report
inspection

十二、辦公用品
訂書機 stapler
訂書釘 staple
復印機 copier,
Copy machine, photocopier
復印紙 copying paper
打印機 printer






土建專業常用規范:
◆《先張法預應力混凝土管樁》
(GB13476-1999)
Pretensioned spun concrete
piles(GB13476-1999)
◆ 《預應力混凝土管樁》
(03SG409)Prestressed spun concrete piles
(03SG409)

◆ 《建筑樁基技術規范》(JGJ94-94)
Technical code for building pile
foundation (JGJ94-94)
◆ 《混凝土質量控制標準》
(GB50164-1992)
Standard of Concrete Quality Control
(GB50164-1992)
◆ 《建筑地基基礎設計規范》(GB
50007-2002)
Code for design of building foundation
(GB50007-2002)
◆《建筑地基基礎工程施工質量驗收規
范》(GB 50202-2002)
Code for acceptance of construction
quality of foundation engineering (GB
50202-2002)
◆《建筑地基處理技術規范》 (JGJ79-2002
J220-2002)
Technical code for ground treatment of
buildings
◆ 《建筑基樁檢測技術規范》 Technical
code for testing of building foundation
piles (JGJ106-2003 J256-2003)
◆ 《基樁低應變動力檢測規程》(JGJ/T
93-95)
Specification for low strain dynamic
testing of piles (JGJ/T 93-95)
◆《混凝土結構工程施工質量驗收規范》
(GB 50204-2002)
Code for acceptance of construction
quality of concrete structures (GB
50204-2002)
◆《建筑防腐蝕工程施工及驗收規范》
(GB 50212-2002) Code for construction
and acceptance of building corrosion
prevention works (GB-50212-2002)
◆ 《建筑工程施工質量驗收統一標準》
(GB50300-2001)
Unified standard for constructional quality
acceptance of building engineering
◆ 《鋼結構工程施工質量驗收規范》 (GB
50205-2001)
Code for acceptance of construction
quality of steel structures
◆ 《建筑鋼結構焊接技術規程》
(JGJ81-2002)
Technical specification for Welding of
steel structure of building
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