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土木工程類詞匯----工程地質及勘察

青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司整理發布  2015-9-12 

       

變質巖metamorphic rock
標準凍深standard frost penetration
冰川沉積glacial deposit
冰積層(臺)glacial deposit
殘積土eluvial soil, residual soil
層理beding
長石feldspar
沉積巖sedimentary rock
承壓水confined water
次生礦物secondary mineral
地質年代geological age
地質圖geological map
地下水groundwater
斷層fault
斷裂構造fracture structure
工程地質勘察engineering geological exploration
?;悖ㄌǎ﹎arine deposit
海相沉積marine deposit
花崗巖granite
滑坡landslide
化石fossil
化學沉積巖chemical sedimentary rock
階地terrace
節理joint
解理cleavage
喀斯特karst
礦物硬度hardness of minerals
礫巖conglomerate
流滑flow slide
陸相沉積continental sedimentation
泥石流mud flow, debris flow
年粘土礦物clay minerals
凝灰巖tuff
牛軛湖ox-bow lake
淺成巖hypabyssal rock
潛水ground water
侵入巖intrusive rock
取土器geotome
砂巖sandstone
砂嘴spit, sand spit
山巖壓力rock pressure
深成巖plutionic rock
石灰巖limestone
石英quartz
松散堆積物rickle
圍限地下水(臺)confined ground water
瀉湖lagoon
巖爆rock burst
巖層產狀attitude of rock
巖漿巖magmatic rock, igneous rock
巖脈dike, dgke
巖石風化程度degree of rock weathering
巖石構造structure of rock
巖石結構texture of rock
巖體rock mass
頁巖shale
原生礦物primary mineral
云母mica
造巖礦物rock-forming mineral
褶皺fold, folding
鉆孔柱狀圖bore hole columnar section