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2016年政府工作報告中英對照版-時政熱點問題

希尼爾翻譯公司翻譯部2016年5月16日整理發布   

  2016年政府工作報告中英對照版
  REPORT ON THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT
  ——2016年3月5日在第十二屆全國人民代表大會第四次會議上
  Delivered at the Fourth Session of the 12th National People's Congress of
  the People's Republic of China on March 5, 2016
  國務院總理李克強
  Li Keqiang Premier of the State Council
  各位代表:
  現在,我代表國務院,向大會報告政府工作,請予審議,并請全國政協各位委員提出意見。
  Esteemed Deputies,
  On behalf of the State Council, I will now report to you on the work of the government for your deliberation and approval. I invite comments on my report from the members of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC).
  一、2015年工作回顧
  Let me start with a review of the work we did in 2015.
  過去一年,我國發展面臨多重困難和嚴峻挑戰。在以習近平同志為總書記的黨中央堅強領導下,全國各族人民以堅定的信心和非凡的勇氣,攻堅克難,開拓進取,經濟社會發展穩中有進、穩中有好,完成了全年主要目標任務,改革開放和社會主義現代化建設取得新的重大成就。
  In the past year, China has encountered many difficulties and challenges in its development. However, under the leadership of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and with confidence and courage, all the people of China have worked to overcome obstacles and have pressed ahead with a pioneering spirit. As a result, progress has been achieved and stability ensured in economic and social development, the main tasks and targets for the year have been fulfilled, and major achievements have been made in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.
  ——經濟運行保持在合理區間。國內生產總值達到67.7萬億元,增長6.9%,在世界主要經濟體中位居前列。糧食產量實現“十二連增”,居民消費價格漲幅保持較低水平。特別是就業形勢總體穩定,城鎮新增就業1312萬人,超過全年預期目標,成為經濟運行的一大亮點
  -- The economy operated within an appropriate range.
  GDP reached 67.7 trillion yuan, representing an increase of 6.9% over the previous year-a growth rate faster than that of most other major economies. Food crop production increased for the 12th year in a row. Consumer prices grew slowly. Of particular note, the employment situation overall remained stable, with 13.12 million new urban jobs created over the course of the year, surpassing the year's target and becoming an economic highlight.
  ——結構調整取得積極進展。服務業在國內生產總值中的比重上升到50.5%,首次占據“半壁江山”。消費對經濟增長的貢獻率達到66.4%。高技術產業和裝備制造業增速快于一般工業。單位國內生產總值能耗下降5.6%。
  -- Encouraging progress was made in structural adjustment.
  The service sector as a proportion of GDP rose to 50.5%, accounting for more than half for the first time. The contribution of consumption toward economic growth reached 66.4%. High-tech industries and equipment manufacturing grew faster than other industries. Energy consumption per unit of GDP fell by 5.6%.
  ——發展新動能加快成長。創新驅動發展戰略持續推進,互聯網與各行業加速融合,新興產業快速增長。大眾創業、萬眾創新蓬勃發展,全年新登記注冊企業增長21.6%,平均每天新增1.2萬戶。新動能對穩就業、促升級發揮了突出作用,正在推動經濟社會發生深刻變革。
  -- New driving forces for development grew rapidly.
  Further progress was made in implementing the strategy of innovation-driven development,the penetration of the Internet into all industries picked up pace, and emerging industries grew rapidly. Business startups and innovations by the general public flourished, with the number of newly registered businesses rising by 21.6% in 2015, or an average of 12,000 new businesses per day. New driving forces played a major role in keeping employment stable and pushing ahead industry upgrading, and are now driving profound economic and social change in China.
  ——人民生活進一步改善。全國居民人均可支配收入實際增長7.4%,快于經濟增速。去年末居民儲蓄存款余額增長8.5%,新增4萬多億元。又解決6434萬農村人口飲水安全問題。扶貧攻堅力度加大,農村貧困人口減少1442萬人。
  -- Living standards improved.
  Personal per capita disposable income increased by 7.4% in real terms, overtaking the growth rate of the economy. By the end of last year, personal savings deposits had risen by 8.5%, an increase of more than four trillion yuan. In rural areas, another 64.34 million people gained access to safe drinking water and greater alleviation efforts reduced the number of people living in poverty by 14.42 million.
  科技領域一批創新成果達到國際先進水平,第三代核電技術取得重大進展,國產C919大型客機總裝下線,屠呦呦獲得諾貝爾生理學或醫學獎。對我國發展取得的成就,全國各族人民倍感振奮和自豪!
  A number of world-class innovations were made in science and technology.Major headway was made in the development of 3G nuclear power technology, China's self-developed C919 large jetliner rolled off the assembly line, and Tu Youyou was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.
  回顧過去一年,成績來之不易。
  These achievements in China's development, a source of pride and motivation for our people, did not come easily.
  這些成績,是在極為復雜嚴峻的國際環境中取得的。去年世界經濟增速為6年來最低,國際貿易增速更低,大宗商品價格深度下跌,國際金融市場震蕩加劇,對我國經濟造成直接沖擊和影響。
  They were made in the context of an extremely complicated and challenging international environment. In 2015, world economic growth fell to its lowest rate in six years, growth in international trade slowed, commodity prices plummeted, and there was growing volatility in the global financial market. All this had a direct impact on China's economy.
  這些成績,是在國內深層次矛盾凸顯、經濟下行壓力加大的情況下取得的。面對“三期疊加”的局面,經濟工作遇到不少兩難甚至多難問題,需要遠近結合,趨利避害,有效應對。
  They were made at the same time as deep-seated domestic problems were becoming prominent and downward pressure on the economy was mounting. While dealing with the slowdown in economic growth, making difficult structural adjustments, and absorbing the effects of previous economic stimulus policies, China was also confronted with many difficult problems and choices in the running of the economy, and this called for effective responses based on the need both to combine long-term and short-term considerations and to seek benefit and avoid harm.
  這些成績,是在我國經濟總量超過60萬億元的高基數上取得的。現在國內生產總值每增長1個百分點的增量,相當于5年前1.5個百分點、10年前2.5個百分點的增量。經濟規模越大,增長難度隨之增加。
  Finally, they were made at a time when China's economic output had exceeded 60 trillion yuan. Every percentage point of GDP growth today is equivalent to 1.5 percentage points of growth five years ago or 2.5 percentage points of growth ten years ago. The larger the economy grows, the greater the difficulty of achieving growth.
  在困難和壓力面前,全國各族人民付出了極大辛勞,一步一步走了過來。這再次表明,任何艱難險阻都擋不住中國發展前行的步伐!
  In the face of these difficulties and pressures, all our people have truly exerted themselves and progressed step by step to get us where we are today. This once again demonstrates that no difficulty or hardship will ever stop China from moving forward.
  一年來,我們主要做了以下工作:
  I will now move on to discuss the main work we did last year:
  一是著力穩增長調結構防風險,創新宏觀調控方式。
  First, we maintained stable growth, made structural adjustments, guarded against risks, and developed new ways of conducting macro regulation.
  為應對持續加大的經濟下行壓力,我們在區間調控基礎上,實施定向調控和相機調控?;牟普咦⒅丶恿υ魴?,擴大結構性減稅范圍,實行普遍性降費,盤活財政存量資金。發行地方政府債券置換存量債務3.2萬億元,降低利息負擔約2000億元,減輕了地方政府償債壓力。穩健的貨幣政策注重松緊適度,多次降息降準,改革存貸比管理,創新貨幣政策工具,加大對實體經濟支持力度。擴大有效投資,設立專項基金,加強水利、城鎮棚戶區和農村危房改造、中西部鐵路和公路等薄弱環節建設。實施重點領域消費促進工程,城鄉居民旅游、網購、信息消費等快速增長。去年還積極應對股市、匯市異常波動等金融領域的多種風險挑戰,守住了不發生系統性區域性風險的底線,維護了國家經濟金融安全。
  In responding to the mounting downward pressure on the economy, we exercised targeted and well-timed regulation on the basis of range-based regulation. We adopted proactive fiscal policy that focused on increasing intensity and efficacy by expanding the scope of structural tax reductions, reducing fees across the board, and putting dormant budgetary funds to good use. Local government bonds issued to replace outstanding debt reached 3.2 trillion yuan, lessening the interest payment burden of local governments by approximately 200 billion yuan while also reducing their debt repayment pressure. We pursued prudent monetary policy with an appropriate amount of intensity, making several cuts to interest rates and required reserve ratios, reforming management of the loan-to-deposit ratio, creating new monetary policy tools, and increasing support for the real economy. Effective investment increased, special-purpose funds were established, and development was strengthened in areas in need of attention, including water conservancy, rundown urban areas and dilapidated rural housing, and railways and highways in the central and western regions. Consumer spending was promoted in key areas, spurring rapid growth in spending on recreational travel, online shopping, and information goods and services. In 2015, we also responded proactively to a variety of risks and challenges in the financial sector, such as unusual fluctuations in the stock market and the foreign exchange market, ensuring that no systemic or regional threats arose, thus safeguarding China's economic and financial security.
  二是圍繞激發市場活力,加大改革開放力度。我們不搞“大水漫灌”式的強刺激,而是持續推動結構性改革。深入推進簡政放權、放管結合、優化服務改革。取消和下放311項行政審批事項,取消123項職業資格許可和認定事項,徹底終結了非行政許可審批。工商登記前置審批精簡85%,全面實施三證合一、一照一碼。加強事中事后監管,優化公共服務流程。群眾和企業辦事更加方便,全社會創業創新熱情日益高漲。
  Second, we intensified reform and opening up to invigorate the market.
  Rather than adopting strong stimulus policies that would have an economy-wide impact, we continued to move forward with structural reform. We intensified reform to streamline administration, delegate more powers, improve regulation, and provide better services. We delegated the power or cancelled the requirement for government review for 311 items, cancelled the requirement for verification or approval for 123 professional qualifications, and put a complete stop to the practice of non-administrative review. The number of items which require government approval for new businesses prior to registration was cut by 85%, and the system of a separate business license, organization code certificate, and taxation registration certificate was replaced by a unified business license with a unified social credit code. Both operational and post-operational oversight over businesses were strengthened, and public service procedures were improved. Government-related procedures for individuals and businesses were made much simpler, such that enthusiasm for stepping out into business and making innovations is rising by the day.
  財稅金融等重點改革深入推進。中央對地方專項轉移支付項目減少三分之一,一般性轉移支付規模增加。營改增穩步實施,資源稅從價計征范圍擴大。取消存款利率浮動上限,推出存款保險制度,建立人民幣跨境支付系統。價格改革力度加大,中央政府定價項目減少80%,地方政府定價項目減少一半以上。國有企業、農村、投融資、生態文明等領域改革有序推進,全面深化改革的成效正在顯現。
  Fiscal, tax, financial, and other key reforms were deepened. The central government cut, by one third, the number of items for which special transfer payments are permitted, while scaling up its general transfer payments. Steady progress was made in replacing business tax with VAT. Ad valorem taxation was extended to cover more types of resource taxes. The upper limit of the floating band on deposit rates was removed, the deposit insurance system was introduced, and the RMB cross-border payment system was established. Pricing reform was intensified, with the number of central government set prices reduced by 80% and the number of local government set prices cut by more than 50%. We carried out state-owned enterprise (SOE) reforms, rural reforms, and investment and financing reforms, ecological management reforms, and others. Efforts to intensify reform in all respects are beginning to deliver results.
  堅持以開放促改革促發展。努力穩定對外貿易,調整出口退稅負?;?,清理規范進出口環節收費,提高貿易便利化水平,出口結構發生積極變化。外商投資限制性條目減少一半,95%以上實行備案管理,實際使用外資1263億美元,增長5.6%。非金融類對外直接投資1180億美元,增長14.7%。推廣上海自貿試驗區經驗,新設廣東、天津、福建自貿試驗區。人民幣加入國際貨幣基金組織特別提款權貨幣籃子。亞洲基礎設施投資銀行正式成立,絲路基金投入運營。簽署中韓、中澳自貿協定和中國-東盟自貿區升級議定書?!耙淮宦貳苯ㄉ璩尚韻?,國際產能合作步伐加快,高鐵、核電等中國裝備走出去取得突破性進展。
  Momentum was created for reform and development through opening up. We worked hard to keep foreign trade stable by adjusting the mechanism for sharing the cost of export tax rebates between the central and local governments, overhauling and regulating charges for imports and exports, increasing trade facilitation, and making changes to the export mix. The number of restrictions on overseas investment in China was cut by 50%, and over 95% of overseas-funded projects may now be undertaken on a simple reporting basis. China utilized US$126.3 billion of overseas investment, an increase of 5.6%. Non-financial outward foreign direct investment reached $118 billion, up 14.7%. Pilot free trade zones were established in Guangdong, Tianjin, and Fujian based on the model of the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone. The RMB was included in the IMF's Special Drawing Rights basket. The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank was officially inaugurated, and the Silk Road Fund opened for business. China signed free trade agreements with the Republic of Korea and Australia, respectively,and signed the Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between China and ASEAN. Progress was made in the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road Initiative (the Belt and Road Initiative), the pace of our industrial-capacity cooperation with other countries was stepped up, and breakthroughs were made in China's export of high-speed railway and nuclear power equipment.
  三是聚焦提質增效,推動產業創新升級。
  Third, we worked to promote industrial innovation and upgrading to improve economic performance.
  制定實施創新驅動發展戰略綱要和意見,出臺推動大眾創業、萬眾創新政策舉措,落實“互聯網+”行動計劃,增強經濟發展新動力。一大批創客走上創業創新之路。完善農業支持政策,促進農業發展方式加快轉變。針對工業增速下降、企業效益下滑,我們一手抓新興產業培育,一手抓傳統產業改造提升。啟動實施《中國制造2025》,設立國家新興產業創業投資引導基金、中小企業發展基金,擴大國家自主創新示范區?;夤2?,推進企業兼并重組。近三年淘汰落后煉鋼煉鐵產能9000多萬噸、水泥2.3億噸、平板玻璃7600多萬重量箱、電解鋁100多萬噸。促進生產性、生活性服務業加快發展。狠抓節能減排和環境?;?,各項約束性指標超額完成。公布自主減排行動目標,推動國際氣候變化談判取得積極成果。
  To strengthen the new growth engines, an innovation-driven development plan was adopted along with guidelines on its implementation, policies and measures were introduced to encourage public participation in starting businesses and making innovations, and the Internet Plus action plan was implemented. A great number of makers started businesses and made innovations. Improvements were made to policies in support of agriculture to promote transformation of the agricultural growth model. In addressing the decline in industrial growth and the downward slide incorporate performance, we worked to foster new industries and upgrade traditional ones. We launched the Made in China 2025 initiative to upgrade manufacturing, set up government funds to encourage investment in emerging industries and to develop small and medium-sized enterprises, and established more national innovation demonstration zones. We cut overcapacity and encouraged business acquisitions and restructuring. Cuts made in outdated production capacity over the past three years have included over 90 million metric tons of steel and iron, 230 million metric tons of cement, over 76 million weight cases of plate glass, and more than one million metric tons of electrolytic aluminum. The development of production- and consumer-oriented service industries picked up momentum. We took serious measures to conserve energy, reduce emissions, and protect the environment, exceeding obligatory targets. We released self-imposed emissions reduction targets and contributed to the positive outcomes of international negotiations on climate change.
  四是著眼開拓發展空間,促進區域協調發展和新型城鎮化。
  Fourth, we promoted coordinated development between regions and the new type of urbanization to expand development space.
  繼續推動東、中、西、東北地區“四大板塊”協調發展,重點推進“一帶一路”建設、京津冀協同發展、長江經濟帶發展“三大戰略”,在基礎設施、產業布局、生態環保等方面實施一批重大工程。制定實施促進西藏和四省藏區、新疆發展的政策措施。推進戶籍制度改革,出臺居住證制度,加強城鎮基礎設施建設,新型城鎮化取得新成效。
  Work continued to promote the coordinated development of the eastern region, the central region, the western region, and the northeast; priority was placed on moving forward with the Three Initiatives-the Belt and Road Initiative, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration initiative, and the Yangtze Economic Belt initiative. A number of major projects were also launched to develop infrastructure, improve the distribution of industries, and achieve ecological and environmental conservation. Policies and measures were introduced to promote the development of Tibet, Xinjiang, and Tibetan ethnic areas in the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Qinghai. We pressed ahead with the reform of the household registration system, adopted a residence certification system, and stepped up the development of urban infrastructure, making progress in developing new urbanization.
  五是緊扣增進民生福祉,推動社會事業改革發展。
  Fifth, we promoted the reform and development of social programs to improve living standards.
  在財力緊張情況下,保障民生力度繼續加大。推出新的政策,重點解決高校畢業生和就業困難群體的就業創業問題。城鎮保障性安居工程住房基本建成772萬套,棚戶區住房改造開工601萬套,農村危房改造432萬戶,一大批住房困難家庭圓了安居夢。加快改善貧困地區義務教育薄弱學校辦學條件,深化中小學教師職稱制度改革,重點高校招收貧困地區農村學生人數又增長10.5%。全面推開縣級公立醫院綜合改革,拓展居民大病保險,建立重特大疾病醫療救助制度、困難殘疾人生活補貼和重度殘疾人護理補貼制度。提高低保、優撫、企業退休人員基本養老金等標準,推行機關事業單位養老保險制度改革并完善工資制度。加強基本公共文化服務建設。廣大人民群眾有了更多獲得感。
  Despite fiscal constraints, we continued to intensify efforts to help ensure the wellbeing of our people. New policies were launched to create jobs and business startup opportunities for college graduates and those with difficulties finding employment. Over the course of the year, 7.72 million government-subsidized housing units were basically completed in urban areas, work started on the reconstruction of 6.01 million housing units in rundown urban areas, and 4.32 million dilapidated houses in rural areas were rebuilt, helping large numbers of families that are struggling with housing realize their dream of having a home to settle in. We moved more quickly to improve conditions in badly built and poorly operated schools providing compulsory education in poor areas, deepened the reform of the professional title system for elementary and secondary school teachers, and increased the number of students from poor rural areas who were enrolled in key institutions of higher learning by a further 10.5%. Comprehensive reform was carried out in all public hospitals at the county level, the coverage of the serious disease insurance scheme was extended to more rural and non-working urban residents, a system of assistance for treating major and serious diseases was put in place, and a system for providing living allowances for people with disabilities who are in need and for granting nursing care subsidies to persons with severe disabilities was established. We increased subsistence allowances, benefits for entitled groups, and basic pension benefits for enterprise retirees, implemented the reform of the pension system for employees of Party and government offices and public institutions, and improved their wage system. Efforts to develop basic public cultural services were also intensified. All of this has resulted in a stronger sense of benefit in society.
  六是促進社會和諧穩定,推動依法行政和治理方式創新。
  Sixth, we developed new ways of conducting law-based administration and governance to promote social harmony and stability.
  國務院提請全國人大常委會審議法律議案11件,制定修訂行政法規8部。政務公開加快推進,推廣電子政務和網上辦事。建立重大政策落實督查問責機制,開展第三方評估。有效應對自然災害和突發事件。加強安全生產監管,事故總量和重特大事故、重點行業事故數量繼續下降。推進食品安全創建示范行動。強化社會治安綜合治理,依法打擊各類違法犯罪活動,有力維護了公共安全。
  The State Council submitted 11 legislative proposals to the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and enacted or revised eight sets of administrative regulations. Efforts were accelerated to increase government transparency and expand the application of e-government and online administration. We set up a mechanism to inspect and establish accountability for the implementation of major government policies and introduced third-party evaluations. We responded effectively to natural disasters and emergencies. Efforts were stepped up to ensure workplace safety; as a result, we have seen a continued reduction in the number of total accidents, including the number of accidents of a serious or large-scale nature as well as those in industries where accidents tend to be more common. We moved ahead with the demonstration initiative to ensure food safety. We strengthened all-round efforts to maintain law and order and cracked down on crimes in accordance with the law to safeguard public security.
  我們深入開展“三嚴三實”專題教育,鍥而不舍落實黨中央八項規定精神,堅決糾正“四風”,嚴格執行國務院“約法三章”。加強行政監察和審計監督。大力推進黨風廉政建設和反腐敗斗爭,一批腐敗分子受到懲處。
  The campaign to build understanding of the Three Stricts and Three Honests* was intensified, the CPC Central Committee's eight-point decision on improving Party and government conduct continued to be implemented, action was taken against formalism, bureaucratism, hedonism, and extravagance, and rigorous efforts were made to carry out the State Council's three-point decision on curbing government spending. Administrative supervision and oversight through auditing were strengthened. We stepped up efforts to improve Party conduct and government integrity and fight corruption, and brought a number of offenders to justice.
  我們隆重紀念中國人民抗日戰爭暨世界反法西斯戰爭勝利70周年,集中宣示了我國作為世界反法西斯戰爭東方主戰場的歷史地位和重大貢獻,彰顯了中國人民同各國人民共護和平、共守正義的堅定信念!
  We marked the 70th anniversary of the victory in the Chinese People's War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression and the Global War against Fascism. This anniversary was a reminder of China's place in history as the main theater in the East during the Global War against Fascism and its major contribution to the war effort. The Chinese people marked this occasion to demonstrate their dedication to safeguarding peace and upholding justice together with other peoples.
  一年來,全方位外交成果豐碩。習近平主席等國家領導人出訪多國,出席聯合國系列峰會、二十國集團領導人峰會、亞太經合組織領導人非正式會議、氣候變化大會、東亞合作領導人系列會議、世界經濟論壇等重大活動。成功舉行中非合作論壇峰會、中歐領導人會晤,啟動中拉論壇。同主要大國關系取得新進展,同周邊國家務實合作深入推進,同發展中國家友好合作不斷拓展,同聯合國等國際組織和國際機制的關系全面加強,經濟外交、人文交流卓有成效。中國作為負責任大國,在國際和地區事務中發揮了重要的建設性作用。
  Over the past year, China's all-round diplomacy has delivered fruitful outcomes. President Xi Jinping and other Chinese leaders have visited many countries and attended international events including the United Nations summits, the G20 Leaders Summit, the 23rd APEC Economic Leaders Meeting, the 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the East Asian leaders' meetings on cooperation, and the World Economic Forum annual meeting 2016. The Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation and the China-EU Leaders' Meeting were held, and the China and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) Forum was inaugurated. Fresh progress was made in China's relations with other major countries; pragmatic cooperation with neighboring countries was strengthened; friendship and cooperation with other developing countries grew; relations with the United Nations and other international organizations and mechanisms were strengthened in all areas; and notable achievements were made in economic diplomacy and cultural exchanges. As a responsible major country, China played an important constructive role in international and regional affairs.
  各位代表!
  過去一年取得的成績,是以習近平同志為總書記的黨中央統攬全局、科學決策的結果,是全黨全軍全國各族人民齊心協力、頑強拼搏的結果。我代表國務院,向全國各族人民,向各民主黨派、各人民團體和各界人士,表示誠摯感謝!向香港特別行政區同胞、澳門特別行政區同胞、臺灣同胞和海外僑胞,表示誠摯感謝!向關心和支持中國現代化建設事業的各國政府、國際組織和各國朋友,表示誠摯感謝!
  We owe these achievements to the sound overall decisions made by the CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and to the concerted and determined efforts of all members of the Party, all members of the armed forces, and all the people of China. On behalf of the State Council, I wish to express our sincere gratitude to the people of all ethnic groups in China including public figures from all sectors of society and to the other parties and the people's organizations. I express our heartfelt appreciation to our fellow countrymen and women in the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions and in Taiwan, and to Chinese nationals overseas. I also wish to express our sincere thanks to the governments, international organizations, and friends from all over the world who have shown understanding and support for China in her endeavor to modernize.
  在充分肯定去年成績的同時,我們也清醒看到,我國發展中還存在不少困難和問題。受全球貿易萎縮等因素影響,去年我國進出口總額出現下降,預期增長目標未能實現。投資增長乏力,一些行業產能過剩嚴重,部分企業生產經營困難,地區和行業走勢分化,財政收支矛盾突出,資本市場基礎性制度還不完善,金融等領域存在風險隱患。人民群眾關心的醫療、教育、養老、食品藥品安全、收入分配、城市管理等方面問題較多,環境污染形勢仍很嚴峻,嚴重霧霾天氣在一些地區時有發生。特別令人痛心的是,去年發生了“東方之星”號客輪翻沉事件和天津港特別重大火災爆炸等事故,人員傷亡和財產損失慘重,教訓極其深刻,必須認真汲取。政府工作還存在不足,有些改革和政策措施落實不到位,少數干部不作為、不會為、亂作為,一些領域的不正之風和腐敗問題不容忽視。我們要進一步增強憂患意識和擔當意識,下更大力氣解決這些問題,始終以民之所望為施政所向,盡心竭力做好政府工作,決不辜負人民重托。
  While recognizing our achievements, we are also keenly aware that our country is still confronted with many difficulties and problems in pursuing development. With the decline in global trade, amongst other factors, China experienced a fall in its total imports and exports and failed to reach its growth objective in this regard. Growth in investment is sluggish, overcapacity is a serious problem in certain industries, some enterprises are facing difficulties in production and operations, growth prospects are mixed for different regions and different industries, notable imbalances exist between government revenue and expenditures, the basic institutions for the capital market still need to be improved, and there are latent risks in the financial and other sectors. There are many problems in medical care, education, elderly care, food and medicine safety, income distribution, and urban management that are of concern to the people. The situation remains grave when it comes to environmental pollution, and some regions are frequently hit by severe smog. Particularly distressing, last year saw the sinking of the cruise ship Oriental Star on the Yangtze and the massive explosion in Tianjin Port. The deaths and injuries and the damage and loss of property from these incidents were devastating, and the profound lessons these incidents have taught us should never be forgotten. There are still inadequacies in the work of the government. Some reforms, policies, and measures have not been fully implemented; a small number of government employees either do not or are unable to fulfill their duties, or behave irresponsibly; and the corruption and misconduct in some sectors cannot be ignored. We must be more mindful of the difficulties ahead, more ready to assume responsibility, and more hardworking in ensuring these problems are solved. The wishes of the people should always determine the aim of our governance; we must do our utmost to deliver a strong performance in our work and never fail to live up to the great trust the people have placed in us.
  各位代表!
  2015年是“十二五”收官之年。過去五年,我國發展成就舉世矚目。黨的十八大以來,在以習近平同志為總書記的黨中央堅強領導下,面對錯綜復雜的國際環境和艱巨繁重的國內改革發展穩定任務,我們繼續堅持穩中求進工作總基調,深化改革開放,實施一系列利當前、惠長遠的重大舉措,“十二五”規劃確定的主要目標任務全面完成。
  Esteemed Deputies,
  The period covered by the 12th Five-Year Plan came to a close in 2015. During the past five years, impressive achievements were made in China's development. Since the 18th CPC National Congress in 2012, we have found ourselves in a complicated international environment, and we have faced the challenging tasks of carrying out reform and development and maintaining stability at home. However, under the guidance of the CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping, we have continued our commitment to the general principle of making progress while working to keep performance stable, deepened reform and opening up, and adopted a series of major measures that should deliver both immediate and long-term benefits. As a result, we successfully fulfilled all the main tasks and targets set out in the 12th Five-Year Plan.
  一是經濟持續較快發展。國內生產總值年均增長7.8%,經濟總量穩居世界第二位,成為全球第一貨物貿易大國和主要對外投資大國。
  First, a high rate of economic development was maintained.
  During this period, China's GDP grew at an average annual rate of 7.8%. This growth enabled China to comfortably maintain its position as the world's second-largest economy, and become the largest trading nation in terms of goods as well as a major outbound investor.
  二是結構調整取得標志性進展。服務業成為第一大產業,工業化與信息化融合加深,農業綜合生產能力明顯增強。消費成為支撐經濟增長的主要力量。超過一半人口居住在城鎮。單位國內生產總值能耗下降18.2%,主要污染物排放量減少12%以上。
  Second, milestone progress was achieved in structural adjustments.
  Service industries have grown to be the largest economic sector, information technology has been further integrated into industrialization, and overall agricultural production capacity has notably improved. Consumption has become a major driver of growth. Over half of China's population now resides in urban areas. Energy consumption per unit of GDP has dropped by 18.2%, and the emissions of major pollutants have been cut by over 12%.
  Note:
  * To be strict with oneself in practicing self-cultivation, using power, and exercising self-discipline; and to be honest in one's thinking, one's work, and one's behavior.
  三是基礎設施水平全面躍升。鐵路營業里程達到12.1萬公里,其中高速鐵路超過1.9萬公里,占世界60%以上。高速公路通車里程超過12萬公里。南水北調東、中線工程通水。建成全球最大的第四代移動通信網絡。
  Third, across-the-board improvements were made in infrastructure.
  The length of railways in service reached 121,000 kilometers, of which more than 19,000 kilometers are high-speed rail lines-more than 60% of the world's total. The length of expressways open to traffic exceeded 120,000 kilometers, the eastern and middle routes of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project were put into operation, and the world's largest 4G mobile network was built in China.
  四是科技創新實現重大突破。量子通信、中微子振蕩、高溫鐵基超導等基礎研究取得一批原創性成果,載人航天、探月工程、深海探測等項目達到世界先進水平。
  Fourth, significant breakthroughs were made in scientific and technological innovation.
  Original achievements were made in quantum communications, neutrino oscillation, and iron-based high-temperature superconductivity through basic research. World-class advances were made in manned spaceflight, the lunar exploration program, and deep-water exploration.
  五是人民生活水平顯著提高。居民收入增長快于經濟增長,城鄉收入差距持續縮小。城鎮新增就業人數超過6400萬人。城鎮保障性安居工程住房建設4013萬套,上億群眾喜遷新居。農村貧困人口減少1億多,解決3億多農村人口飲水安全問題。
  Fifth, living standards improved significantly.
  Personal income increased faster than economic growth, and the urban-rural income gap was narrowed. Over 64 million urban jobs were created. Government subsidies were used to build 40.13 million housing units in urban areas, providing new homes for around 100 million people. The number of rural residents living in poverty was cut by more than 100 million, and over 300 million rural residents gained access to safe drinking water.
  六是社會發展成就斐然。教育公平和質量明顯提升?;疽攪票O帳迪秩哺?,基本養老保險參保率超過80%。文化軟實力持續提升。依法治國全面推進。中國特色軍事變革成就顯著。經過五年努力,我國經濟實力、科技實力、國防實力、國際影響力又上了一個大臺階。
  Sixth, notable achievements were made in social development.
  Significant progress was made in ensuring equal access to education, and the quality of education markedly improved. Basic health insurance was expanded to achieve complete coverage, and participation in basic pension plans exceeded 80% of the whole population. China's soft power continued to grow. The rule of law was advanced in all respects. Significant achievements were made in the military revolution with Chinese characteristics. Over the past five years, China's economic strength, scientific and technological capabilities, defense capabilities, and international influence have all been strengthened considerably.
  “十二五”時期的輝煌成就,充分顯示了中國特色社會主義的巨大優越性,集中展現了中國人民的無窮創造力,極大增強了中華民族的自信心和凝聚力,必將激勵全國各族人民在實現“兩個一百年”奮斗目標的新征程上奮力前行!
  The achievements attained during the period of the 12th Five-Year Plan fully demonstrate the strength of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the creativity of the Chinese people. The Chinese people can derive great confidence and a strengthened sense of unity from these achievements, drawing on them to forge ahead on this new leg of the journey toward realizing the Two Centenary Goals.*
  二、“十三五”時期主要目標任務和重大舉措
  Esteemed Deputies,
  Let me now brief you on the main targets, tasks, and measures for the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan from 2016 through 2020.
  根據《中共中央關于制定國民經濟和社會發展第十三個五年規劃的建議》,國務院編制了《國民經濟和社會發展第十三個五年規劃綱要(草案)》,提交大會審查。
  On the basis of the CPC Central Committee Recommendations for the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development, the State Council has drawn up the draft of the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development and submitted it to this session for your review and approval.
  《綱要草案》緊緊圍繞全面建成小康社會奮斗目標,針對發展不平衡、不協調、不可持續等突出問題,強調要牢固樹立和貫徹落實創新、協調、綠色、開放、共享的發展理念,明確了今后五年經濟社會發展的主要目標任務,提出了一系列支撐發展的重大政策、重大工程和重大項目,突出了以下六個方面。
  The draft, centering on the goal of finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and designed to address serious issues such as unbalanced, uncoordinated, and unsustainable development, stresses the need to promote innovative, coordinated, green, open, and shared development. It proposes the main targets and tasks for economic and social development over the next five years as well as development policies, initiatives, and projects. The following are the six areas highlighted in the draft.
  ——保持經濟中高速增長,推動產業邁向中高端水平。實現全面建成小康社會目標,到2020年國內生產總值和城鄉居民人均收入比2010年翻一番,“十三五”時期經濟年均增長保持在6.5%以上。加快推進產業結構優化升級,實施一批技術水平高、帶動能力強的重大工程。到2020年,先進制造業、現代服務業、戰略性新興產業比重大幅提升,全員勞動生產率從人均8.7萬元提高到12萬元以上。屆時,我國經濟總量超過90萬億元,發展的質量和效益明顯提高。在我們這樣一個人口眾多的發展中國家,這將是非常了不起的成就。
  -- We should work to maintain a medium-high rate of growth and promote the development of industries toward the medium-high end.
  To finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and double the 2010 GDP and per capita personal income by 2020, the economy needs to grow at an average annual rate of at least 6.5% during this five-year period. To that end, we will move faster to improve or upgrade the structure of industry and launch initiatives that use advanced technologies and can drive industrial development. Our goal is that by 2020, advanced manufacturing, modern services, and strategic emerging industries as a proportion of GDP will have risen significantly and that per capita labor productivity will have risen from 87,000 yuan to over 120,000 yuan. By that time, China's aggregate economic output should have exceeded 90 trillion yuan, and the quality and efficacy of development should have significantly improved. For a developing country like China with such a large population, this will be a truly remarkable achievement.
  ——強化創新引領作用,為發展注入強大動力。創新是引領發展的第一動力,必須擺在國家發展全局的核心位置,深入實施創新驅動發展戰略。啟動一批新的國家重大科技項目,建設一批高水平的國家科學中心和技術創新中心,培育壯大一批有國際競爭力的創新型領軍企業,建設一批全面創新改革試驗區。持續推動大眾創業、萬眾創新。促進大數據、云計算、物聯網廣泛應用。加快建設質量強國、制造強國、知識產權強國。到2020年,力爭在基礎研究、應用研究和戰略前沿領域取得重大突破,全社會研發經費投入強度達到2.5%,科技進步對經濟增長的貢獻率達到60%,邁進創新型國家和人才強國行列。
  -- We should ensure that innovation better drives and energizes development.
  Innovation is the primary driving force for development and must occupy a central place in China's development strategy, which is why we must implement a strategy of innovation-driven development. We should launch new national science and technology programs, build first-class national science centers and technological innovation hubs, help develop internationally competitive high-innovation enterprises, and establish pilot reform zones for all-round innovation. We should make consistent efforts to encourage the public to start businesses and make innovations. We should promote the extensive application of big data, cloud computing, and the Internet of Things. We need to move faster to transform China into a manufacturer of advanced and quality products and a country that is strong on intellectual property rights. We should strive to achieve major breakthroughs in basic research, applied research, and research in strategic and frontier fields by 2020. China's investment in research and development is expected to reach 2.5% of GDP, and the contribution of scientific and technological advances toward economic growth should come to reach 60%. Fulfilling these objectives will turn China into an innovative and talent-rich country.
  ——推進新型城鎮化和農業現代化,促進城鄉區域協調發展。縮小城鄉區域差距,既是調整經濟結構的重點,也是釋放發展潛力的關鍵。要深入推進以人為核心的新型城鎮化,實現1億左右農業轉移人口和其他常住人口在城鎮落戶,完成約1億人居住的棚戶區和城中村改造,引導約1億人在中西部地區就近城鎮化。到2020年,常住人口城鎮化率達到60%、戶籍人口城鎮化率達到45%。
  -- We should make progress in new urbanization and agricultural modernization as well as in balancing development between urban and rural areas and between regions.
  Narrowing the gap between urban and rural areas and between regions is not only a key part of economic structural adjustment; it is also crucial for unleashing developmental potential. We should advance the new, people-centered urbanization. This will mean granting urban residency to around 100 million people with rural household registration living in urban areas and other permanent urban residents, completing the rebuilding of both rundown areas and "villages" in cities involving about 100 million people, and enabling around 100 million rural residents to live in local towns and cities in the central and western regions. By 2020, permanent urban residents should account for 60% of China's population, and 45% of the Chinese people should be registered as permanent urban residents.
  實施一批水利、農機、現代種業等工程,推動農業適度規模經營和區域化布局、標準化生產、社會化服務。到2020年,糧食等主要農產品供給和質量安全得到更好保障,農業現代化水平明顯提高,新農村建設取得新成效。
  We should launch initiatives to develop water conservancy in agriculture, farming machinery, and the modern seed industry, encourage appropriately scaled-up agricultural operations, and promote regional distribution, standardized production, and commercial agricultural services. By 2020, the supply, quality, and safety of food crops and other major agricultural products should be better ensured, notable headway should have been made in modernizing agriculture, and fresh progress should have been made in developing the new countryside.
  以區域發展總體戰略為基礎,以“三大戰略”為引領,形成沿海沿江沿線經濟帶為主的縱向橫向經濟軸帶,培育一批輻射帶動力強的城市群和增長極。加強重大基礎設施建設,高鐵營業里程達到3萬公里、覆蓋80%以上的大城市,新建改建高速公路通車里程約3萬公里,實現城鄉寬帶網絡全覆蓋。
  Guided by the general strategy for regional development, we should pursue the Three Initiatives to form north-south and east-west intersecting economic belts along the coastline, the Yangtze River, and major transportation routes, and foster new growth poles and city clusters that facilitate the development of surrounding areas. We should also expand major infrastructure projects, with the aim of increasing the length of high-speed railways in service to 30,000 kilometers and linking more than 80% of big cities in China with high-speed railways, building or upgrading around 30,000 kilometers of expressways, and achieving full coverage of access to broadband networks in both urban and rural areas.
  Note:
  * To finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by the time the CPC celebrates its centenary in 2021 and to turn the People's Republic of China into a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, and harmonious by the time it celebrates its centenary in 2049.
  ——推動形成綠色生產生活方式,加快改善生態環境。堅持在發展中?;?、在?;ぶ蟹⒄?,持續推進生態文明建設。深入實施大氣、水、土壤污染防治行動計劃,劃定生態空間?;ず煜?,推進山水林田湖生態工程,加強生態?;ず托薷?。今后五年,單位國內生產總值用水量、能耗、二氧化碳排放量分別下降23%、15%、18%,森林覆蓋率達到23.04%,能源資源開發利用效率大幅提高,生態環境質量總體改善。特別是治理大氣霧霾取得明顯進展,地級及以上城市空氣質量優良天數比率超過80%。我們要持之以恒,建設天藍、地綠、水清的美麗中國。
  -- We should encourage green ways of working and living and speed up efforts to conserve ecosystems and the environment.
  We need to protect the environment while pursuing development and achieve development in a well-protected environment, making sustained efforts to build a sound ecological system. We need to take serious action to prevent and control air, water, and soil pollution, set a red line that the country's total area of ecological spaces should not fall below, move forward with eco-friendly projects to protect and restore mountains, waters, forests, and farmlands, and intensify ecological conservation and restoration efforts. Over the next five years, we should aim to ensure that water consumption, energy consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP are cut by 23%, 15%, and 18%, respectively, and that forest coverage reaches 23.04%. We should also make it our aim, within this timeframe, to develop and use energy and resources much more efficiently and make improvements to the quality of ecosystems and the environment. In particular, we should strive for major progress in the control and prevention of air pollution and see to it that the air quality of cities at and above the prefectural level is good or excellent for 80% of the year. We must work to build, through tireless efforts, a Beautiful China where the sky is blue, the land is green, and the water runs clear.
  ——深化改革開放,構建發展新體制。發展根本上要靠改革開放。必須全面深化改革,堅持和完善基本經濟制度,建立現代產權制度,基本建成法治政府,使市場在資源配置中起決定性作用和更好發揮政府作用,加快形成引領經濟發展新常態的體制機制和發展方式?!耙淮宦貳苯ㄉ樅〉彌卮蠼?,國際產能合作實現新的突破。對外貿易向優進優出轉變,服務貿易比重顯著提升,從貿易大國邁向貿易強國。全面實行準入前國民待遇加負面清單管理制度,逐步構建高標準自由貿易區網絡,基本形成開放型經濟新體制新格局。
  -- We need to deepen reform and opening up to create new institutions for development.
  Fundamentally, development relies on reform and opening up. We must deepen reform across the board, uphold and improve the basic economic system, establish a modern system of property rights, and see that a rule of law government is basically in place. It should be ensured that the market plays the decisive role in resource allocation and the government better plays its role, and work should be accelerated to create the systems, mechanisms, and growth model that will guide the new normal in economic development.
  We should work for significant progress in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative and for breakthroughs in our cooperation with other countries on industrial capacity. We should promote the optimization of imports and exports, significantly increase the proportion of trade in services, and promote China's transformation from a trader of quantity to a trader of quality. We should put into force across the board the management system for pre-establishment national treatment plus a negative list, and progressively build a network of high-standard free trade areas. With these efforts, we should be able to usher in a new phase in building an open economy based on new systems.
  ——持續增進民生福祉,使全體人民共享發展成果。堅持以人民為中心的發展思想,努力補齊基本民生保障的短板,朝著共同富裕方向穩步前進。堅決打贏脫貧攻堅戰,我國現行標準下的農村貧困人口實現脫貧,貧困縣全部摘帽,解決區域性整體貧困。
  -- We need to ensure that continuous progress is made in raising living standards, and see that everyone shares in the fruits of development.
  Guided by the vision of people-centered development, we need to continue to strengthen points of weakness in meeting basic needs for the people in order to achieve common prosperity. We need to fight hard to win the war against poverty and help lift out of poverty all rural residents falling below the current poverty line, and achieve poverty alleviation in all poor counties and areas.
  建立國家基本公共服務項目清單。建立健全更加公平更可持續的社會保障制度。實施義務教育學校標準化、普及高中階段教育、建設世界一流大學和一流學科等工程,勞動年齡人口平均受教育年限從10.23年提高到10.8年。
  We should put in place a national catalogue of basic public services. We should establish more equitable and sustainable social security systems. We need to ensure that all schools providing compulsory education comply with educational standards, that everyone has access to secondary education, that China has more world-class universities and first-class fields of discipline, and that the average number of years of schooling received by the working-age population increases from 10.23 to 10.8 years.
  實現城鎮新增就業5000萬人以上。完善收入分配制度,縮小收入差距,提高中等收入人口比重。完善住房保障體系,城鎮棚戶區住房改造2000萬套。
  We need to create 50 million plus new urban jobs. We need to improve the income distribution system, reduce the income gap, and increase the proportion of the middle-income group in the whole populace. We should improve systems of government housing support, which should include the rebuilding of 20 million housing units in rundown urban areas.
  推進健康中國建設,人均預期壽命提高1歲?;Χ勻絲誒狹浠?。構建現代公共文化服務體系,實施公民道德建設、中華文化傳承等工程。我們既要讓人民的物質生活更殷實,又要讓人民的精神生活更豐富。
  We need to work for progress in building a Healthy China and achieve a one-year increase in average life expectancy. We need to respond proactively to population aging. We should build a modern system of public cultural services and put into effect cultural programs to boost civic morality and keep Chinese culture thriving. These efforts should enable people not only to enjoy a better life in material terms, but also to live a more enriching intellectual and cultural life.
  做好“十三五”時期經濟社會發展工作,實現全面建成小康社會目標,必須著力把握好三點。
  To achieve success in our work to promote economic and social development during the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan and finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we must keep to the following three guidelines:
  一是牢牢抓住發展第一要務不放松。發展是硬道理,是解決我國所有問題的關鍵。今后五年是跨越“中等收入陷阱”的重要階段,各種矛盾和風險明顯增多。發展如逆水行舟,不進則退。必須毫不動搖堅持以經濟建設為中心,推動科學發展,妥善應對風險挑戰,使中國經濟這艘巨輪破浪遠航。
  First, give top priority to development
  Development is of primary importance to China and is the key to solving every problem we face. During the next five years, we must take particular care to avoid falling into the "middle-income trap," and we need to address an increasing number of problems and risks. Pursuing development is like sailing against the current: you either forge ahead or drift downstream. We must remain committed to economic development as our central task, endeavor to promote sound development, and respond effectively to risks and challenges so as to ensure that China's economy, like a gigantic ship, breaks the waves and goes the distance.
  二是大力推進結構性改革。當前發展中總量問題與結構性問題并存,結構性問題更加突出,要用改革的辦法推進結構調整。在適度擴大總需求的同時,突出抓好供給側結構性改革,既做減法,又做加法,減少無效和低端供給,擴大有效和中高端供給,增加公共產品和公共服務供給,使供給和需求協同促進經濟發展,提高全要素生產率,不斷解放和發展社會生產力。
  Second, make major headway in carrying out structural reform
  At present, we face problems both with aggregate supply and demand and with our structures. The structural problems are more acute, and reform should be conducted to adjust these structures. While working to achieve an appropriate expansion of aggregate demand, we need to give particular emphasis to structural reform on the supply side, reducing supply in some areas while increasing it in others. This means that we need to reduce ineffective and lower-end supply while increasing effective and medium- and high-end supply, increase the supply of public goods and services, ensure that development is driven by both supply and demand, and improve total-factor productivity. This should enable us to unleash and develop productive forces.
  三是加快新舊發展動能接續轉換。經濟發展必然會有新舊動能迭代更替的過程,當傳統動能由強變弱時,需要新動能異軍突起和傳統動能轉型,形成新的“雙引擎”,才能推動經濟持續增長、躍上新臺階。當前我國發展正處于這樣一個關鍵時期,必須培育壯大新動能,加快發展新經濟。要推動新技術、新產業、新業態加快成長,以體制機制創新促進分享經濟發展,建設共享平臺,做大高技術產業、現代服務業等新興產業集群,打造動力強勁的新引擎。運用信息網絡等現代技術,推動生產、管理和營銷模式變革,重塑產業鏈、供應鏈、價值鏈,改造提升傳統動能,使之煥發新的生機與活力。
  Third, accelerate the shift in driving forces for development
  In the course of economic development, it is only natural that old drivers of growth are replaced by new ones. As conventional driving forces weaken, it is critical that new driving forces emerge and that the conventional ones undergo a transformation so that new twin engines are formed; only then is it possible to upgrade the economy and achieve sustainable growth. This is the crucial period in which China currently finds itself, and during which we must build up powerful new drivers in order to accelerate the development of the new economy. We need to move faster to develop new technologies, industries, and forms of business, boost the development of a sharing economy through institutional innovations, create sharing platforms, and develop emerging industry clusters such as high-tech and modern service industry clusters, thus creating strong new engines. We will use network-based information technology and other modern technologies to drive changes in models of production, management, and marketing, create new industry chains, supply chains, and value chains, and transform and upgrade conventional drivers, thus injecting them with new vitality.
  從根本上說,發展的不竭力量蘊藏在人民群眾之中。9億多勞動力、1億多受過高等教育和有專業技能的人才,是我們最大的資源和優勢。實現新舊動能轉換,推動發展轉向更多依靠人力人才資源和創新,既是一個伴隨陣痛的調整過程,也是一個充滿希望的升級過程。只要闖過這個關口,中國經濟就一定能夠浴火重生、再創輝煌。
  Ultimately, it is the people who are the inexhaustible source of power that drives development. A workforce of over 900 million, of whom over 100 million have received higher education or are professionally trained: this is our greatest resource and strength. Obviously, replacing old drivers of growth with new ones and achieving a shift in development toward greater reliance on human resources, human capital, and innovation is a process of painful adjustment. But it is at the same time an upgrading process with great promise. We just have to get through this process, and we can, without question, reinvigorate the economy and ensure its dynamic growth.
  展望今后五年,我們充滿必勝信心。如期實現全面建成小康社會目標,人民生活將會更加美好,中國特色社會主義事業前景一定會更加光明!
  Looking ahead to the next five years, we are fully confident that we will finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects within the set timeframe, that our people will enjoy better lives, and that there will be an even brighter future for the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
  三、2016年重點工作
  I now want to discuss the major areas of work for 2016.
  今年是全面建成小康社會決勝階段的開局之年,也是推進結構性改革的攻堅之年。
  This is the first year of the decisive stage in finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and a crucial year in carrying out structural reform. To ensure that the government's goal for this year is accomplished, we must do the following:
  做好政府工作,必須高舉中國特色社會主義偉大旗幟,全面貫徹黨的十八大和十八屆三中、四中、五中全會精神,以鄧小平理論、“三個代表”重要思想、科學發展觀為指導,深入貫徹習近平總書記系列重要講話精神,按照“五位一體”總體布局和“四個全面”戰略布局,堅持改革開放,堅持以新發展理念引領發展,堅持穩中求進工作總基調,適應經濟發展新常態,實行宏觀政策要穩、產業政策要準、微觀政策要活、改革政策要實、社會政策要托底的總體思路,把握好穩增長與調結構的平衡,保持經濟運行在合理區間,著力加強供給側結構性改革,加快培育新的發展動能,改造提升傳統比較優勢,抓好去產能、去庫存、去杠桿、降成本、補短板,加強民生保障,切實防控風險,努力實現“十三五”時期經濟社會發展良好開局。
  -- hold high the great banner of socialism with Chinese characteristics;
  -- implement the guiding principles of the 18th National Congress of the CPC and the third, fourth, and fifth plenary sessions of the 18th CPC Central Committee;
  -- follow the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory, the Theory of Three Represents, and the Scientific Outlook on Development;
  -- put into practice the guiding principles from General Secretary Xi Jinping's major policy addresses;
  -- work in accordance with the overall plan for promoting all-round economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological progress and the Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy;*
  -- continue reform and opening up;
  -- follow the new vision of development;
  -- follow the general principle of making progress while working to keep performance stable;
  -- adapt to the new normal in economic development;
  -- follow the general guidelines that macro policies should be stable, industrial policies targeted, micro policies flexible, reform policies practical, and that social policies should ensure basic needs;
  -- maintain a balance between ensuring steady growth and making structural adjustments;
  -- ensure that the economy operates within an appropriate range;
  -- strengthen supply-side structural reform;
  -- accelerate the fostering of new driving forces for development;
  -- strengthen traditional comparative advantages;
  -- cut overcapacity and excess inventory, deleverage, reduce costs, and strengthen points of weakness;
  -- strengthen basic safeguards for public wellbeing;
  -- prevent and control risks.
  今年發展的主要預期目標是:國內生產總值增長6.5%-7%,居民消費價格漲幅3%左右,城鎮新增就業1000萬人以上,城鎮登記失業率4.5%以內,進出口回穩向好,國際收支基本平衡,居民收入增長和經濟增長基本同步。單位國內生產總值能耗下降3.4%以上,主要污染物排放繼續減少。
  By working to achieve all of these, we should get off to a good start in economic and social development during the period covered by the 13th Five-Year Plan.
  The main development targets for 2016 are as follows:
  -- GDP growth of 6.5% to 7%;
  -- CPI increase kept at around 3%;
  -- creation of at least ten million new urban jobs;
  -- registered urban unemployment rate kept within 4.5%;
  -- a steady rise in import and export volumes;
  -- a basic balance in international payments;
  -- increases in personal income basically in step with economic growth;
  -- a reduction in energy consumption per unit of GDP of at least 3.4%;
  -- further reductions in the release of major pollutants.
  經濟增長預期目標6.5%-7%,考慮了與全面建成小康社會目標相銜接,考慮了推進結構性改革的需要,也有利于穩定和引導市場預期。穩增長主要是為了保就業、惠民生,有6.5%-7%的增速就能夠實現比較充分的就業。
  In setting a projected growth rate of between 6.5% and 7%, we have taken into consideration the need to finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and the need to advance structural reform. It will also help guide market expectations and keep them stable. The aim of maintaining stable growth is primarily to ensure employment and promote the people's wellbeing, and a growth rate of between 6.5% and 7% will allow for relatively full employment.
  綜合分析各方面情況,今年我國發展面臨的困難更多更大、挑戰更為嚴峻,我們要做打硬仗的充分準備。
  A comprehensive analysis of all factors shows that China will face more and tougher problems and challenges in its development this year, so we must be fully prepared to fight a difficult battle.
  從國際看,世界經濟深度調整、復蘇乏力,國際貿易增長低迷,金融和大宗商品市場波動不定,地緣政治風險上升,外部環境的不穩定不確定因素增加,對我國發展的影響不可低估。
  Internationally, the global economy is experiencing profound changes and struggling to recover; growth in trade is weak; there are fluctuations in the financial and commodity markets; geopolitical risks are rising; and there are increasing instabilities and uncertainties in China's external environment. We should not underestimate the impact all of this will have on China's development.
  從國內看,長期積累的矛盾和風險進一步顯現,經濟增速換擋、結構調整陣痛、新舊動能轉換相互交織,經濟下行壓力加大。
  Domestically, problems and risks that have been building up over the years are becoming more evident; the change of pace in economic growth, the difficulties associated with structural adjustments, and the transformation of the drivers of growth present interwoven problems; and downward pressure on the economy is growing.
  但困難和挑戰并不可怕。中國的發展從來都是在應對挑戰中前進的,沒有過不去的坎。經過多年的快速發展,我國物質基礎雄厚,經濟韌性強、潛力足、回旋余地大,改革開放不斷注入新動力,創新宏觀調控積累了豐富經驗。特別是我們有中國共產黨的堅強領導和中國特色社會主義制度,中國人民勤勞智慧。只要我們萬眾一心,共克時艱,就一定能夠實現全年經濟社會發展目標。
  But we will not be daunted by these problems and challenges. China has from the start been developing while responding to challenges; there is no difficulty we cannot get beyond. Thanks to years of rapid development, China has laid a solid material foundation, and its economy is hugely resilient and has enormous potential and ample room for growth. At the same time, reform and opening up has been injecting new impetus into economic growth, and a wealth of experience has been gained in developing new ways of conducting macro regulation. In addition, we have the guidance of the CPC and the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and our people are talented and hardworking. As long as we work together as one to surmount all difficulties, we will definitely achieve the targets for economic and social development in 2016.
  今年要重點做好八個方面工作。
  This year, we will carry out the following eight tasks:
 ?。ㄒ唬┪榷ê屯晟坪旯劬謎?,保持經濟運行在合理區間。我們宏觀調控還有創新手段和政策儲備,既要立足當前、有針對性地出招,頂住經濟下行壓力,又要著眼長遠、留有后手、謀勢蓄勢。繼續實施積極的財政政策和穩健的貨幣政策,創新宏觀調控方式,加強區間調控、定向調控、相機調控,統籌運用財政、貨幣政策和產業、投資、價格等政策工具,采取結構性改革尤其是供給側結構性改革舉措,為經濟發展營造良好環境。
  1. Improve and keep stable our macroeconomic policies to ensure that the economy performs within an appropriate range
  At present, we still have new instruments for macro regulation and a good reserve of policies at our disposal. On the one hand, we will focus on current realities and take targeted steps to withstand the downward pressure on the economy. On the other hand, we must have our long-term development goals in mind, keep some policy tools as options for later use, strategize our moves, and gather strength. We will continue to implement proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy, develop new approaches to macro regulation, strengthen range-based, targeted, and well-timed regulation, use fiscal and monetary policies and industry, investment, and pricing policy tools in a coordinated way, and implement structural reform, particularly supply-side structural reform, so as to create an enabling environment for economic development.
  積極的財政政策要加大力度。今年擬安排財政赤字2.18萬億元,比去年增加5600億元,赤字率提高到3%。其中,中央財政赤字1.4萬億元,地方財政赤字7800億元。安排地方專項債券4000億元,繼續發行地方政府置換債券。我國財政赤字率和政府負債率在世界主要經濟體中相對較低,這樣的安排是必要的、可行的,也是安全的。
  -- We will pursue a more proactive fiscal policy.
  The government deficit for 2016 is projected to be 2.18 trillion yuan, an increase of 560 billion yuan over last year, meaning the deficit-to-GDP ratio will rise to 3%. Of the deficit, 1.4 trillion yuan will be carried by the central government, and the remaining 780 billion yuan will be carried by local governments. Special bonds for local governments will total 400 billion yuan, and local government debt-converting bonds will continue to be issued. China's deficit-to-GDP ratio and government debt ratio are lower than those of other major economies; such steps are necessary, feasible, and also safe.
  適度擴大財政赤字,主要用于減稅降費,進一步減輕企業負擔。
  The moderate increase in government deficit is projected primarily to cover tax and fee reductions for enterprises, a step that will further reduce their burdens.
  今年將采取三項舉措。一是全面實施營改增,從5月1日起,將試點范圍擴大到建筑業、房地產業、金融業、生活服務業,并將所有企業新增不動產所含增值稅納入抵扣范圍,確保所有行業稅負只減不增。二是取消違規設立的政府性基金,停征和歸并一批政府性基金,擴大水利建設基金等免征范圍。
  The following three measures will be adopted this year.
  First, business tax will be replaced with VAT in all sectors. Starting from May 1st, the scope of work to pilot this measure will be extended to the construction, real estate, financial, and consumer service industries, and VAT deductions will cover all new immovable property of enterprises to ensure that the tax burdens on all industries are reduced.
  Second, government-managed funds set up without authorization will be abolished; the collection of contributions to certain government-managed funds will be suspended, and some of these funds will be consolidated; and more enterprises will be exempted from contributing to water conservancy construction funds and other government-managed funds.
  Note:
  * To make comprehensive moves to finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, deepen reform, advance the law-based governance of China, and strengthen Party self-conduct.
  三是將18項行政事業性收費的免征范圍,從小微企業擴大到所有企業和個人。
  Third, exemptions from 18 administrative charges which currently apply only to small and micro businesses will be expanded to include all enterprises and individuals.
  實施上述政策,今年將比改革前減輕企業和個人負擔5000多億元。同時,適當增加必要的財政支出和政府投資,加大對民生等薄弱環節的支持。創新財政支出方式,優化財政支出結構,該保的一定要保住,該減的一定要減下來。
  Through the above policies, the burdens on enterprises and individuals will be cut by more than 500 billion yuan this year. At the same time, we will increase government expenditures and investment as appropriate to work on living standards and other areas in need of strengthening. We will develop new ways for government funds to be spent and improve the government spending mix to ensure that all essential items receive sufficient funding, while non-essential items are cut.
  加快財稅體制改革。推進中央與地方事權和支出責任劃分改革,合理確定增值稅中央和地方分享比例。把適合作為地方收入的稅種下劃給地方,在稅政管理權限方面給地方適當放權。進一步壓縮中央專項轉移支付規模,今年一般性轉移支付規模增長12.2%。全面推開資源稅從價計征改革。依法實施稅收征管。建立規范的地方政府舉債融資機制,對財政實力強、債務風險較低的,按法定程序適當增加債務限額。各級政府要堅持過緊日子,把每一筆錢都花在明處、用在實處。
  Fiscal and tax reforms will be stepped up. We will move forward with the reform of the way powers and expenditure responsibilities are shared between the central and local governments, ensuring that the proportion of VAT revenue received by the central and local governments is determined appropriately. Taxes suitable as sources of local government revenue will be handed over to local governments along with the corresponding administrative powers. Central government special transfer payments to local governments will be further reduced, while this year's general transfer payments will be increased by 12.2%. We will extend ad valorem rates to all resource taxes. We will promote the law-based administration of tax collection. We will establish a well-regulated mechanism for local governments to secure financing through bond issuance and make moderate upward adjustments to debt ceilings for local governments with strong financial resources and low debt risks through statutory procedures. Governments at all levels must tighten their belts and spend every sum of money where it can be seen and where it's most needed.
  穩健的貨幣政策要靈活適度。今年廣義貨幣M2預期增長13%左右,社會融資規模余額增長13%左右。要統籌運用公開市場操作、利率、準備金率、再貸款等各類貨幣政策工具,保持流動性合理充裕,疏通傳導機制,降低融資成本,加強對實體經濟特別是小微企業、“三農”等支持。
  -- We will pursue prudent monetary policy that is flexible and appropriate.
  Both the M2 money supply and aggregate financing in the economy are forecasted to grow by around 13% in 2016. We will use a full range of monetary policy tools including open market operations, interest rates, required reserve ratios, and re-lending to maintain sufficient liquidity at a proper level, improve the transmission mechanism of monetary policy, and reduce financing costs. We will provide more support for the real economy, particularly for small and micro businesses as well as agriculture, rural areas, and farmers.
  深化金融體制改革。加快改革完善現代金融監管體制,提高金融服務實體經濟效率,實現金融風險監管全覆蓋。深化利率市場化改革。繼續完善人民幣匯率市場化形成機制,保持人民幣匯率在合理均衡水平上基本穩定。深化國有商業銀行和開發性、政策性金融機構改革,發展民營銀行,啟動投貸聯動試點。推進股票、債券市場改革和法治化建設,促進多層次資本市場健康發展,提高直接融資比重。適時啟動“深港通”。建立巨災保險制度。規范發展互聯網金融。大力發展普惠金融和綠色金融。加強全口徑外債宏觀審慎管理。扎緊制度籠子,整頓規范金融秩序,嚴厲打擊金融詐騙、非法集資和證券期貨領域的違法犯罪活動,堅決守住不發生系統性區域性風險的底線。
  We will deepen reform of the financial sector. We will move faster in the reform to improve the modern financial regulatory system and ensure that the financial sector serves the real economy more efficiently and that regulation covers all financial risks. Interest rates will be further liberalized. Improvements will be made to the market-based mechanism for setting the RMB exchange rate to ensure it remains generally stable at an appropriate and balanced level. We will deepen reform of state-owned commercial banks as well as development and policy-backed financial institutions, develop private banks, and launch trials to allow commercial banks to participate in combined debt-equity investments into startups and small businesses. We will move forward with the reform of stock and bond markets and increase the level of rule of law in their development, promote the sound development of the multilevel capital market, and ensure that the proportion of direct financing is increased. The Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect will be launched at an appropriate time. A catastrophe insurance system will be established. We will work to see that Internet finance develops in line with regulations, and we will make a major push to develop inclusive and green finance. We will strengthen unified, macroprudential management of foreign debt. We will tighten institutional constraints, safeguard order in the financial sector, crack down on financial fraud, illegal fundraising, and unlawful and criminal activities in the securities and futures markets, and make sure that no systemic or regional financial risks arise.
 ?。ǘ┘憂抗└嘟峁剮愿母?,增強持續增長動力。圍繞解決重點領域的突出矛盾和問題,加快破除體制機制障礙,以供給側結構性改革提高供給體系的質量和效率,進一步激發市場活力和社會創造力。
  2. Strengthen supply-side structural reform to drive sustained growth
  To solve acute problems in key areas, we must work faster to remove institutional obstacles and carry out supply-side structural reform to improve the quality and efficiency of the supply system, and further stimulate market vitality and the creativity of society.
  推動簡政放權、放管結合、優化服務改革向縱深發展。以敬民之心,行簡政之道,切實轉變政府職能、提高效能。繼續大力削減行政審批事項,注重解決放權不同步、不協調、不到位問題,對下放的審批事項,要讓地方能接得住、管得好。深化商事制度改革,開展證照分離試點。
  -- We will deepen reforms to streamline administration, delegate more powers, improve regulation, and provide better services.
  With the people in mind, we will streamline administration, transform the functions of the government, and improve its performance. As we continue to cancel the requirement of government review for more matters, we will focus on addressing unsynchronized, uncoordinated, and incomplete delegation of powers and make sure that local governments to which powers of review have been delegated are able to properly exercise those powers.We will deepen reform of the business system and launch trials to separate operating permits and business licenses.
  全面公布地方政府權力和責任清單,在部分地區試行市場準入負面清單制度。對行政事業性收費、政府定價或指導價經營服務性收費、政府性基金、國家職業資格,實行目錄清單管理。加快建設統一開放、競爭有序的市場體系,打破地方?;?。深化價格改革,加強價格監管。
  We will release the lists of all powers and responsibilities of local governments, and begin piloting a negative list for market access in some regions. We will draw up lists and catalogues to manage administrative charges, business fees and charges set by the government or set under its guidance, government-managed funds, and professional qualifications recognized by the state. We will move faster to establish a unified, open, competitive, and orderly market system, and put an end to local protectionism. We will deepen pricing reform and tighten up supervision of prices.
  修改和廢止有礙發展的行政法規和規范性文件。創新事中事后監管方式,全面推行“雙隨機、一公開”監管,隨機抽取檢查對象,隨機選派執法檢查人員,及時公布查處結果。推進綜合行政執法改革,實施企業信用信息統一歸集、依法公示、聯合懲戒、社會監督。
  We will revise or abolish any administrative regulations and normative documents that are holding back development. We will develop new ways of conducting oversight over the whole process of business operations, and introduce across the board an oversight model drawing on random inspections by randomly selected law enforcement officers or inspectors and requiring the prompt release of results. We will implement the reform for coordinated administrative law enforcement and adopt a unified approach to gathering information on enterprise credit, release such information in accordance with the law, ensure joint punitive action is taken where necessary, and encourage public oversight.
  大力推行“互聯網+政務服務”,實現部門間數據共享,讓居民和企業少跑腿、好辦事、不添堵。簡除煩苛,禁察非法,使人民群眾有更平等的機會和更大的創造空間。
  We will carry out the "Internet Plus government services" model and promote better information sharing between government departments, so that the public and businesses need to make fewer visits to government departments to get things done, find procedures simpler, and find the service satisfactory. We will cut red tape and root out illegalities to ensure that the people have more equal opportunities and greater space for creativity.
  充分釋放全社會創業創新潛能。著力實施創新驅動發展戰略,促進科技與經濟深度融合,提高實體經濟的整體素質和競爭力。
  -- We will ensure that the whole country's potential for starting businesses and making innovations is released.
  We will implement the strategy of innovation-driven development, see that science and technology become more deeply embedded in the economy, and improve the overall quality and competitiveness of the real economy.
  一是強化企業創新主體地位。落實企業研發費用加計扣除和加速折舊政策,完善高新技術企業、科技企業孵化器等稅收優惠政策。支持行業領軍企業建設高水平研發機構。加快將國家自主創新示范區試點政策推廣到全國,再建設一批國家自主創新示范區、高新區。
  First, we will ensure that enterprises lead in making innovations. We will implement additional tax deductions for their research and development, accelerate the depreciation of their fixed assets, and increase tax policy support for high-tech enterprises and science and technology business incubators. We will support leading enterprises in building top-level research and development institutions. We will move faster to achieve nationwide implementation of the policy of national innovation demonstration zones, and establish another set of national innovation demonstration zones and high-tech development zones.
  二是發揮大眾創業、萬眾創新和“互聯網+”集眾智匯眾力的乘數效應。打造眾創、眾包、眾扶、眾籌平臺,構建大中小企業、高校、科研機構、創客多方協同的新型創業創新機制。建設一批“雙創”示范基地,培育創業創新服務業,規范發展天使、創業、產業等投資。支持分享經濟發展,提高資源利用效率,讓更多人參與進來、富裕起來。實施更積極、更開放、更有效的人才引進政策。加強知識產權?;ず馱擻?,依法嚴厲打擊侵犯知識產權和制假售假行為。
  Second, we will help people to pool their ideas and talents through a synergy of business startups, innovation, and the Internet Plus. Platforms will be created for crowd innovation, crowd support, crowdsourcing, and crowdfunding, and mechanisms will be built to encourage new types of business startups and innovation-making through cooperation between enterprises, institutions of higher learning, research institutes, and makers. We will establish demonstration centers for business startups and innovation, foster a business startup and innovation service industry, and ensure angel investment, venture capital, industrial investment, and other investment develop in accordance with regulations. We will give our support to the development of a sharing economy and see that resources are used more efficiently and that more people take part and benefit. We will adopt more active, open, and effective policies to attract talent from overseas. We will strengthen the protection and use of intellectual property rights and look to the law to crack down on the infringement of these rights and on the production and sale of counterfeit products.
  三是深化科技管理體制改革。擴大高校和科研院所自主權,砍掉科研管理中的繁文縟節。實施支持科技成果轉移轉化的政策措施,完善股權期權稅收優惠政策和分紅獎勵辦法,鼓勵科研人員創業創新。大力弘揚創新文化,厚植創新沃土,營造敢為人先、寬容失敗的良好氛圍,充分激發企業家精神,調動全社會創業創新積極性,匯聚成推動發展的磅礴力量。
  Third, we will deepen the reform of the management system for science and technology. Greater autonomy will be given to universities and research institutes, and red tape will be cut in the management of research projects. Policies and measures will be implemented to support the transfer and commercialization of scientific and technological achievements, and tax incentives for stocks and options, and profit sharing and bonus plans will be improved to encourage researchers to start businesses and make innovations. We will foster a culture of innovation and create an enabling environment for innovation in which people venture to break new ground and failure is tolerated. I am sure that these initiatives will inspire entrepreneurialism and motivate our society to start businesses and make innovations, and thus create a powerful force to drive development.
  著力化解過剩產能和降本增效。重點抓好鋼鐵、煤炭等困難行業去產能,堅持市場倒逼、企業主體、地方組織、中央支持,運用經濟、法律、技術、環保、質量、安全等手段,嚴格控制新增產能,堅決淘汰落后產能,有序退出過剩產能。采取兼并重組、債務重組或破產清算等措施,積極穩妥處置“僵尸企業”。完善財政、金融等支持政策,中央財政安排1000億元專項獎補資金,重點用于職工分流安置。采取綜合措施,降低企業交易、物流、財務、用能等成本,堅決遏制涉企亂收費,對違規行為要嚴肅查處。
  -- We will ensure that overcapacity is cut, costs are lowered, and business performance is improved.
  We will focus on addressing the overcapacity in the steel, coal, and other industries facing difficulties. In this process, the market should serve as a check, enterprises should be the major actors, local governments should play a coordinating role, and the central government should provide support. We will use economic, legal, technological, environmental, quality inspection, and safety-related means to strictly control the expansion of production capacity, shut down outdated production facilities, and eliminate overcapacity in a planned way. We will address the issue of "zombie enterprises" proactively yet prudently by using measures such as mergers, reorganizations, debt restructurings, and bankruptcy liquidations. Fiscal, financial, and other policies will be improved to support this work. One hundred billion yuan in rewards and subsidies will be provided by the central government, which will be mainly used to resettle employees laid off from these enterprises. We will take a full range of measures to reduce the transaction, logistics, financial, and energy consumption costs of enterprises, and work to put a stop to the collection of arbitrary and unwarranted fees from enterprises and be strict about investigating and punishing violations of regulations.
  努力改善產品和服務供給。突出抓好三個方面。
  We will concentrate our efforts on the following three areas:
  一是提升消費品品質。加快質量安全標準與國際標準接軌,建立商品質量懲罰性賠償制度。鼓勵企業開展個性化定制、柔性化生產,培育精益求精的工匠精神,增品種、提品質、創品牌。
  -- We will work to ensure the supply of goods and services is improved.
  First, we will see that the quality of consumer goods is improved. We will move faster to bring domestic quality and safety standards in line with international standards, and establish a system for making producers pay punitive compensation for failing to meet product quality standards. We will also encourage enterprises to use flexible and custom-tailored production processes and foster a craftsmanship spirit of striving for the best, so that more types of products, products of a higher quality, and brand products will be made.
  二是促進制造業升級。深入推進“中國制造+互聯網”,建設若干國家級制造業創新平臺,實施一批智能制造示范項目,啟動工業強基、綠色制造、高端裝備等重大工程,組織實施重大技術改造升級工程。
  Second, we will work to upgrade manufacturing. We will intensify efforts to promote the integrated development of Made in China 2025 and the Internet Plus action plan; build national platforms for innovation in manufacturing; carry out demonstration programs in smart manufacturing; launch projects to build a more solid foundation for industry development, promote green manufacturing, and develop high-end equipment; and carry out major technological transformation and upgrading initiatives.
  三是加快現代服務業發展。啟動新一輪國家服務業綜合改革試點,實施高技術服務業創新工程,大力發展數字創意產業。放寬市場準入,提高生產性服務業專業化、生活性服務業精細化水平。建設一批光網城市,推進5萬個行政村通光纖,讓更多城鄉居民享受數字化生活。
  Third, we will accelerate the development of the modern service sector. We will launch a new round of national pilot projects for all-round service sector reform as well as projects to promote innovation in high-tech services, and channel great efforts into developing the digital creative industries. We will relax restrictions on market access to the service sector, and ensure greater specialization in producer services and higher refinement in consumer services. Fiber-optic networks will be developed in a number of cities and 50,000 administrative villages will be linked up to fiber-optic networks, thus enabling more urban and rural residents to enjoy a more digital way of life.
  大力推進國有企業改革。今明兩年,要以改革促發展,堅決打好國有企業提質增效攻堅戰。推動國有企業特別是中央企業結構調整,創新發展一批,重組整合一批,清理退出一批。推進股權多元化改革,開展落實企業董事會職權、市場化選聘經營者、職業經理人制度、混合所有制、員工持股等試點。深化企業用人制度改革,探索建立與市場化選任方式相適應的高層次人才和企業經營管理者薪酬制度。加快改組組建國有資本投資、運營公司。以管資本為主推進國有資產監管機構職能轉變,防止國有資產流失,實現國有資產保值增值。賦予地方更多國有企業改革自主權。加快剝離國有企業辦社會職能,解決歷史遺留問題,讓國有企業瘦身健體,增強核心競爭力。
  -- We will push for progress in SOE reform.
  This year and next, we will use reform to promote the development of SOEs and push hard to ensure success in upgrading them and improving their performance. We will prompt SOEs, especially those managed by the central government, to make structural adjustments so that some will be developed through innovation, others will be reorganized or merged, and still others will exit the market. We will carry out reforms to diversify their types of equity and introduce on a trial basis the assumption of powers and responsibilities by corporate boards of directors, competitive open selection and recruitment of executives, recruitment of professional managers, mixed ownership, and employee equity stakes. We will deepen the reform of the enterprise personnel management system and explore the possibility of establishing remuneration systems for senior ranking personnel and corporate executives that are compatible with competitive selection and recruitment. We will work faster to establish state capital investment and management companies through reorganization. To prevent the loss of state assets and ensure their value is maintained or increased, we will encourage state-owned asset supervisory and management authorities to shift their focus to the use of state capital. Local governments will be granted more power over SOE reform. We will move more quickly to relieve SOEs of their obligations to operate social programs and resolve their other longstanding issues, enabling them to become leaner and healthier and to increase their core competitiveness.
  更好激發非公有制經濟活力。大幅放寬電力、電信、交通、石油、天然氣、市政公用等領域市場準入,消除各種隱性壁壘,鼓勵民營企業擴大投資、參與國有企業改革。在項目核準、融資服務、財稅政策、土地使用等方面一視同仁。依法平等?;じ髦炙兄憑貌?,嚴肅查處侵犯非公有制企業及非公有制經濟人士合法權益的行為,營造公平、公正、透明、穩定的法治環境,構建新型政商關系,促進各類企業各展其長、共同發展。
  -- We will energize the non-public sector.
  We will significantly relax restrictions on entry into markets such as electricity, telecommunications, transport, petroleum, natural gas, and municipal public utilities, remove hidden barriers, and encourage private companies to increase investment in these areas and participate in SOE reform. In these fields, private companies will enjoy the same treatment afforded to SOEs in terms of project verification and approval, financing, fiscal and tax policies, and land availability. We will, in accordance with the law, provide equal protection to the property rights of entities under all forms of ownership; and we will ensure that, without fail, infringements on the legitimate rights and interests of non-public sector enterprises and individuals are investigated and prosecuted. We will create a rule of law environment that is fair, just, transparent, and stable and establish new government-business relations to help all types of enterprises develop side by side based on their own respective strengths.
 ?。ㄈ┥鍆詮諦棖笄繃?,開拓發展更大空間。適度擴大需求總量,積極調整改革需求結構,促進供給需求有效對接、投資消費有機結合、城鄉區域協調發展,形成對經濟發展穩定而持久的內需支撐。
  3. Tap the potential of domestic demand to increase the space for development
  We will work to achieve a moderate expansion of aggregate demand, adjust and reform the composition of demand, strive for better alignment between supply and demand and between investment and consumption, and work to achieve greater balance in the development of urban and rural areas and of different regions. This will create steady and long-term domestic demand to sustain economic development.
  增強消費拉動經濟增長的基礎作用。適應消費升級趨勢,破除政策障礙,優化消費環境,維護消費者權益。支持發展養老、健康、家政、教育培訓、文化體育等服務消費。壯大網絡信息、智能家居、個性時尚等新興消費。促進線上線下協調互動、平等競爭,推動實體商業創新轉型。完善物流配送網絡,促進快遞業健康發展?;鈐徑殖凳諧?,大力發展和推廣以電動汽車為主的新能源汽車,加快建設城市停車場和充電設施。在全國開展消費金融公司試點,鼓勵金融機構創新消費信貸產品。降低部分消費品進口關稅,增設免稅店。落實帶薪休假制度,加強旅游交通、景區景點、自駕車營地等設施建設,規范旅游市場秩序,迎接正在興起的大眾旅游時代。
  -- We will strengthen the foundational role of consumption in promoting economic growth.
  To adapt to the trend toward high-end consumption, we will remove policy barriers, improve the consumer environment, and safeguard the rights and interests of consumers. We will support the growth of consumption in elderly care, health services, housekeeping services, educational and training services, and cultural and sports services. We will work to strengthen the growth of emerging areas of consumption such as information goods and services, smart homes, and personalized fashion. We will promote coordination, interaction, and fair competition between the online and the offline and encourage physical stores to transform themselves through innovation. We will help ensure the improvement of logistics networks and the healthy development of express delivery services. We will work to stimulate the second-hand car market, channel great effort into developing and promoting the use of new-energy vehicles, particularly electric vehicles, and move faster to build urban car parks and install charging facilities. We will carry out nationwide trials to set up consumer financing companies and encourage financial institutions to develop new consumer credit products. We will cut import tariffs on some consumer goods and increase the number of duty-free stores. We will ensure people are able to take their paid vacations, strengthen the development of tourist and transport facilities, scenic spots and tourist sites, and recreational vehicle parks, and see that the tourist market operates in line with regulations. With these efforts, we will usher in a new era of mass tourism.
  發揮有效投資對穩增長調結構的關鍵作用。我國基礎設施和民生領域有許多短板,產業亟需改造升級,有效投資仍有很大空間。今年要啟動一批“十三五”規劃重大項目。完成鐵路投資8000億元以上、公路投資1.65萬億元,再開工20項重大水利工程,建設水電核電、特高壓輸電、智能電網、油氣管網、城市軌道交通等重大項目。中央預算內投資安排5000億元。深化投融資體制改革,繼續以市場化方式籌集專項建設基金,推動地方融資平臺轉型改制進行市場化融資,探索基礎設施等資產證券化,擴大債券融資規模。完善政府和社會資本合作模式,用好1800億元引導基金,依法嚴格履行合同,充分激發社會資本參與熱情。
  -- We will see that effective investment plays a key role in maintaining stable growth and making structural adjustments.
  The many weak areas in infrastructure and public services in China and the urgent need for industry upgrading leave vast scope for growth in effective investment. This year, we will launch a number of projects set forth in the 13th Five-Year Plan. More than 800 billion yuan will be invested in railway construction, and investment in road construction will reach 1.65 trillion yuan. A further 20 water conservancy projects will be carried out, and major projects will be launched to develop hydropower, nuclear power, ultra high-voltage power transmission, smart grids, pipelines for oil and gas transmission, and urban rail transit. Central government budgetary investment will be 500 billion yuan. We will deepen the reform of the investment and financing systems. Funds for specific projects will continue to be raised through market-based mechanisms. Local financing platforms will be required to transform themselves and shift toward market-based financing, the securitization of tangible assets such as infrastructure will be explored, and debt financing will be increased. We will improve the public-private partnership model, make good use of the 180 billion yuan in seed funds, and strictly honor contracts in accordance with the law, so as to bring the enthusiasm of private investors to the table.
  深入推進新型城鎮化。城鎮化是現代化的必由之路,是我國最大的內需潛力和發展動能所在。今年重點抓好三項工作。
  -- We will advance new urbanization.
  Urbanization is the path we need to take to develop a modern China. It is where we will find the greatest potential for domestic demand and the most powerful force for sustaining economic development. This year, we will take the following three major steps regarding urbanization.
  一是加快農業轉移人口市民化。深化戶籍制度改革,放寬城鎮落戶條件,建立健全“人地錢”掛鉤政策。擴大新型城鎮化綜合試點范圍。居住證具有很高的含金量,要加快覆蓋未落戶的城鎮常住人口,使他們依法享有居住地義務教育、就業、醫療等基本公共服務。發展中西部地區中小城市和小城鎮,容納更多的農民工就近就業創業,讓他們掙錢顧家兩不誤。
  First, we will move faster to see that urban residency is granted to more people with rural household registration living in urban areas.
  We will deepen reform of the household registration system and relax restrictions on eligibility for urban residency. We will introduce policies for making both the transfer payments and the land designated for urban development granted to the government of a local jurisdiction conditional upon the number of people with rural household registration who are granted permanent urban residency in that jurisdiction. The full range of trials for developing new urbanization will be extended to more areas. Residence cards are important assets for their holders. We must move faster to ensure that permanent urban residents without urban residency are issued residence cards, thus enabling them to enjoy, as provided for by law, the right to access compulsory education, employment, medical care, and other basic public services. We will promote the development of small towns and small and medium-sized cities in the central and western regions to help more rural migrant workers find employment or start businesses in urban areas closer to home so that they do not have to choose between earning money and taking care of the families they leave behind.
  二是推進城鎮保障性安居工程建設和房地產市場健康發展。今年棚戶區住房改造600萬套,提高棚改貨幣化安置比例。完善支持居民住房合理消費的稅收、信貸政策,適應住房剛性需求和改善性需求,因城施策化解房地產庫存,促進房地產市場平穩運行。建立租購并舉的住房制度,把符合條件的外來人口逐步納入公租房供應范圍。
  Second, we will promote the construction of government-subsidized housing in urban areas and the healthy development of the real estate market.
  This year, we will see to it that six million housing units are rebuilt in rundown urban areas and that more people displaced by the rebuilding of such areas receive monetary housing compensation rather than housing. Taking into consideration people's demand for buying homes or improving their housing situation, we will improve the tax and credit policies to support justified personal housing consumption and adopt different policies in different cities as appropriate to their local conditions, in order to cut housing inventory and promote stability in the real estate market. We will put in place a housing system which encourages both renting and purchasing and, over time, enable eligible non-registered urban residents to apply for public rental housing.
  三是加強城市規劃建設管理。增強城市規劃的科學性、前瞻性、權威性、公開性,促進“多規合一”??そㄉ璩鞘械叵倫酆瞎芾?000公里以上?;乒懵躺ㄖ徒ú?,大力發展鋼結構和裝配式建筑,加快標準化建設,提高建筑技術水平和工程質量。推進城市管理體制創新,打造智慧城市,完善公共交通網絡,治理交通擁堵等突出問題,改善人居環境,使人民群眾生活得更安心、更省心、更舒心。
  Third, we will redouble our efforts to improve urban planning, development, and management.
  We will make urban planning more sound, forward-looking, authoritative, and transparent and encourage local governments to integrate their various types of urban plans into a single master plan. Construction will begin on at least 2,000 kilometers of utility tunnels. We will actively promote environmentally friendly buildings and construction materials, make a big push to develop steel understructures and prefabricated modules, accelerate work to ensure adherence to construction standards, and see that the level of technique in building and the quality of construction projects are improved. We will encourage institutional innovation in urban management, work hard to create smart cities,improve public transport networks, address traffic congestion and other prominent problems, and improve living environments so that people can enjoy a more secure, relaxing, and satisfying city life.
  優化區域發展格局。深入推進“一帶一路”建設,落實京津冀協同發展規劃綱要,加快長江經濟帶發展。制定實施西部大開發“十三五”規劃,實施新一輪東北地區等老工業基地振興戰略,出臺促進中部地區崛起新十年規劃,支持東部地區在體制創新、陸海統籌等方面率先突破。促進資源型地區經濟轉型升級。支持革命老區、民族地區、邊疆地區、貧困地區發展。制定和實施國家海洋戰略,維護國家海洋權益,?;ずQ笊肪?,拓展藍色經濟空間,建設海洋強國。
  -- We will work to improve the layout of development across regions.
  We will push ahead with the Belt and Road Initiative, carry out the development plan for the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei integration initiative, and speed up the development of the Yangtze Economic Belt. We will draw up and implement the 13th five-year plan for the large-scale development of the western region, implement a new round of strategies for revitalizing the old industrial bases in the Northeast and other parts of the country, adopt the new ten-year plan for fuelling the rise of the central region, and support the eastern region as it leads the country in making breakthroughs in institutional innovation and coordinated land and maritime development. We will promote the economic transformation and upgrading of resource-dependent regions. We will support the development of old revolutionary base areas, areas with concentrations of ethnic minorities, border areas, and poor areas. We will work out and implement a national maritime strategy, safeguard national maritime rights and interests, protect marine ecosystems and habitats, and open up more space for the blue economy so as to strengthen China's maritime development.
 ?。ㄋ模┘涌旆⒄瓜執┮?,促進農民持續增收。繼續毫不放松抓好“三農”工作,完善強農惠農富農政策,深化農村改革,拓展農民就業增收渠道,著力提高農業質量、效益和競爭力。
  4. Speed up efforts to develop modern agriculture and ensure sustained increases in rural incomes
  We will, with as much care and attention as ever, continue focusing on our work related to agriculture, rural areas, and farmers. We will strengthen policy support for these areas, deepen rural reform, expand the channels through which farmers can find employment and increase their income, and work to ensure that the quality, performance, and competitiveness of agriculture improve.
  加快農業結構調整。糧食連續增產,為穩定物價、改善民生提供了有力保障,但也面臨庫存大幅增加、市場價格下跌等問題。要完善農產品價格形成機制,引導農民適應市場需求調整種養結構,適當調減玉米種植面積。按照“市場定價、價補分離”原則,積極穩妥推進玉米收儲制度改革,保障農民合理收益。要多措并舉消化糧食庫存,大力支持農產品精深加工,發展畜牧業,延伸農業產業鏈條;制定新一輪退耕還林還草方案,今年退耕還林還草1500萬畝以上,這件事一舉多得,務必抓好。
  -- We will speed up structural adjustment in agriculture.
  The output of food crops has continued to rise in recent years. This has helped to keep prices stable and ensure people's wellbeing, but it has also resulted in a buildup of excess stockpiles and falling market prices. To resolve this problem, we will improve the pricing mechanisms for agricultural products, while guiding farmers in adjusting what and how much they grow and breed in response to market demand and in making appropriate reductions to the amount of cultivated land devoted to growing corn. Following the principle of letting the market determine prices and delinking subsidies from prices, we will reform in an active yet prudent way the system of corn purchase and storage to ensure reasonable returns for corn-growing farmers. We will adopt a full range of measures to reduce excess stockpiles of food, provide strong support for the processing of agricultural products to increase their value, develop the livestock industry, and extend the agricultural production chain. We will formulate a plan for a new round of initiatives to turn marginal farmland into forest or grassland, with the target for this year being more than one million hectares. There is much to be gained in this, and it must be carried out to full effect.
  積極發展多種形式農業適度規模經營,完善對家庭農場、專業大戶、農民合作社等新型經營主體的扶持政策,培養新型職業農民,鼓勵農戶依法自愿有償流轉承包地,開展土地股份合作、聯合或土地托管。深化農村集體產權、農墾、集體林權、國有林場、農田水利、供銷社等改革。
  We will promote the development of suitably scaled-up agricultural operations in diversified forms; improve policy support for family farms, large and specialized agricultural family operations, farming cooperatives, and other emerging forms of agribusiness; and cultivate a new type of skilled farmer. We will encourage farmers, on a voluntary basis and in accordance with relevant laws, to transfer the land they contract to work on in return for compensation, enter into cooperation or association based on land as shares, or place their land under trusteeship. We will deepen the reform of the rural collective property rights system, state farms on reclaimed land, collective forest tenure, state forestry farms, farmland irrigation and water conservancy, and rural supply and marketing cooperatives.
  強化農業基礎支撐。全面完成永久基本農田劃定并實行特殊?;?,加強高標準農田建設,增加深松土地1.5億畝,新增高效節水灌溉面積2000萬畝。探索耕地輪作休耕制度試點。加強農業科技創新與推廣,深入開展糧食綠色高產高效創建,實施化肥農藥零增長行動。保障財政對農業投入,建立全國農業信貸擔保體系,完善農業保險制度和農村金融服務,引導帶動更多資金投向現代農業建設。
  -- The foundation of agriculture will be strengthened.
  We will complete our work nationwide on designating permanent basic cropland and provide special protection for such cropland, promote the development of high-standard cropland, improve the subsoil of an additional ten million hectares of cropland, and increase the area of cropland covered by efficient water-saving irrigation by 1.33 million hectares. We will explore trials of crop rotation and fallow land. We will promote the innovation and application of agricultural science and technology. We will promote green, high-yield, and cost efficient food crop production and achieve zero growth in the use of chemical fertilizers and insecticides. In fiscal allocations, investment in agriculture will be ensured, a national agricultural credit guaranty system will be established, the agricultural insurance system and rural financial services will be improved, and more investment in agricultural modernization will be encouraged.
  改善農村公共設施和服務。加大農村基礎設施建設力度,新建改建農村公路20萬公里,具備條件的鄉鎮和建制村要加快通硬化路、通客車。抓緊新一輪農村電網改造升級,兩年內實現農村穩定可靠供電服務和平原地區機井通電全覆蓋。實施飲水安全鞏固提升工程。推動電子商務進農村??古┐迦司踴肪癡?,建設美麗宜居鄉村。
  -- We will improve public services and facilities in rural areas.
  We will step up the development of rural infrastructure. An additional 200,000 kilometers of rural roads will be built or upgraded. In towns, townships, and incorporated villages, where conditions allow, efforts should be stepped up to build paved roads and provide access to bus services. We will act promptly to launch a new round of efforts to upgrade rural power grids, and our goal is to ensure a stable and reliable supply of power to all rural areas and all electric pumpsets on rural flatlands within the next two years. We will build on past progress to make further advances in providing access to safe drinking water. We will encourage the introduction of e-commerce into rural areas. We will work hard to improve rural living environments, building an even more livable and beautiful countryside.
  實施脫貧攻堅工程。今年要完成1000萬以上農村貧困人口脫貧任務,其中易地搬遷脫貧200萬人以上,繼續推進貧困農戶危房改造。中央財政扶貧資金增長43.4%。在貧困縣推進涉農資金整合。堅持精準扶貧脫貧,因人因地施策。大力培育特色產業,支持就業創業。解決好通路、通水、通電、通網絡等問題,增強集中連片特困地區和貧困人口發展能力。國家各項惠民政策和民生項目,要向貧困地區傾斜。深入開展定點扶貧、東西協作扶貧,支持社會力量參與脫貧攻堅。扶貧脫貧是硬任務,各級政府已經立下軍令狀,必須按時保質保量完成。
  -- We will combat poverty.
  This year, we will help more than ten million rural residents lift themselves out of poverty, including over two million poor residents who are to be relocated from inhospitable areas, and continue to rebuild the dilapidated housing of poor rural households. Central government funds for poverty alleviation efforts will be increased by 43.4%. In poor counties, various funds for rural development will be integrated. We will take targeted measures to alleviate and eliminate poverty in light of local conditions. We will channel significant energy into cultivating business operations with distinctive local features in support of employment and business development.We will construct infrastructure such as roads, water and power supply, and Internet access, and work to strengthen the ability of contiguous poor areas and persons in need to achieve development. National programs aimed at providing people with policy support and promoting people's wellbeing will be weighted toward poor areas. We will give stronger support to targeted poor areas, encourage the eastern region to help in the alleviation of poverty in the western region, and support nongovernmental participation in combatting poverty. Poverty reduction is a must, governments at all levels have made the pledge, and it must be accomplished both qualitatively and quantitatively within the timeframe set.
 ?。ㄎ澹┩平亂宦指咚蕉醞飪?,著力實現合作共贏。面對國際經濟合作和競爭格局的深刻變化,順應國內經濟提質增效升級的迫切需要,要堅定不移擴大對外開放,在開放中增強發展新動能、增添改革新動力、增創競爭新優勢。
  5. Carry out a new round of high-quality opening up and work to achieve mutually beneficial cooperation
  In the face of profound changes in international economic cooperation and competition, and in response to the urgent need to improve the performance of and upgrade China's economy, we must open wider to the outside world with unwavering resolve. By doing so, we can strengthen new drivers of development, add new forces to propel reform forward, and create new competitive strengths for China.
  扎實推進“一帶一路”建設。統籌國內區域開發開放與國際經濟合作,共同打造陸上經濟走廊和海上合作支點,推動互聯互通、經貿合作、人文交流。構建沿線大通關合作機制,建設國際物流大通道。推進邊境經濟合作區、跨境經濟合作區、境外經貿合作區建設。堅持共商共建共享,使“一帶一路”成為和平友誼紐帶、共同繁榮之路。
  -- We will work to secure solid progress in pursuing the Belt and Road Initiative.
  We will promote domestic regional development and opening up and international economic cooperation in a coordinated way, work with other countries and regions to build overland economic corridors and maritime cooperation hubs, and promote connectivity, economic and trade cooperation, and cultural exchange. We will work to develop cooperative mechanisms for achieving compatibility in customs clearance procedures along the routes and build international logistics networks. We will promote the development of border economic cooperation zones, cross-border economic cooperation zones, and overseas economic and trade cooperation zones. With a commitment to achieving common development and shared growth through joint consultation, we will ensure that the Belt and Road Initiative creates bonds of peace, friendship, and common prosperity.
  擴大國際產能合作。堅持企業為主、政府推動、市場化運作,實施一批重大示范項目。落實和完善財稅金融支持政策,設立人民幣海外合作基金,用好雙邊產能合作基金。推動裝備、技術、標準、服務走出去,打造中國制造金字品牌。
  -- We will work to achieve greater industrial-capacity cooperation with other countries.
  We will launch demonstration projects in accordance with the principle that enterprises should be the main actors, that government should provide support, and that operations should be market based. We will improve and implement related supporting fiscal, tax, and financial policies, establish an RMB overseas cooperation fund and make good use of bilateral industrial-capacity cooperation funds. We will promote greater use of Chinese equipment, technology, standards, and services in the international market, and help Chinese manufacturing brands gain international recognition.
  促進外貿創新發展。面對外需持續低迷的嚴峻形勢,要多措并舉,遏制進出口下滑勢頭。
  -- We will develop innovative ways to promote foreign trade.
  Faced with continuously weak foreign demand, we need to take a combination of measures to stop the decline in imports and exports.
  一要加快落實和完善政策。優化出口退稅率結構,確保及時足額退稅,嚴厲打擊騙取退稅。增加短期出口信用保險規模,實現成套設備出口融資保險應保盡保。二要鼓勵商業模式創新。擴大跨境電子商務試點,支持企業建設一批出口產品“海外倉”,促進外貿綜合服務企業發展。三要優化貿易結構??狗衩騁狀蔥路⒄故緣?,增加服務外包示范城市,加快發展文化對外貿易。進一步整合優化海關特殊監管區域,促進加工貿易向中西部地區轉移、向產業鏈中高端延伸。四要推進貿易便利化。全面推廣國際貿易“單一窗口”。降低出口商品查驗率。五要實施更加積極的進口政策。擴大先進技術設備、關鍵零部件及緊缺能源原材料進口。
  First, we will move faster to improve and implement policies.
  We will improve the structure of export tax rebate rates, ensure rebates are paid promptly and in full, and crack down on fraudulent claims. We will increase short-term export-credit insurance and provide export financing insurance for all insurable complete sets of equipment.
  Second, we will encourage innovative business models.
  We will expand trials in cross-border e-commerce, support enterprises in developing overseas warehouses for export products, and promote the development of enterprises that provide comprehensive foreign trade services.
  Third, we will improve the trade mix.
  We will launch trials to create innovative ways of developing trade in services, see that more cities become trendsetters in providing foreign outsourced services, and accelerate the development of foreign trade in cultural goods and services. We will further integrate and improve special customs regulation zones, and encourage processing trade to move to the central and western regions and extend to the medium-high end of the industrial chain.
  Fourth, we will further facilitate trade.
  We will see that the single window system is implemented for international trade nationwide. We will reduce the frequency of inspections for exports.
  Fifth, we will adopt a more proactive import policy.
  We will increase the import of advanced technology and equipment, key spare parts and components, and energy and raw materials in short supply in China.
  提高利用外資水平。繼續放寬投資準入,擴大服務業和一般制造業開放,簡化外商投資企業設立程序,加大招商引資力度。創新內陸和沿邊開放模式,打造新的外向型產業集群,引導外資更多投向中西部地區。擴大自貿試驗區試點。創新開發區體制機制。我們將營造更加公平、更為透明、更可預期的投資環境,中國要始終成為富有吸引力的外商投資熱土。
  -- We will work to make better use of overseas investment.
  We will continue to relax market access restrictions on investment, further open the service sector and the general manufacturing sector, simplify procedures for establishing companies with overseas investment, and step up efforts to attract more investment. We will create new models of opening up for inland and border areas, develop new overseas-oriented industrial clusters, and encourage more overseas investment in the central and western regions. Pilot free trade zones will be established in more parts of the country. We will improve the systems and mechanisms for governing development zones. With these efforts, China's investment environment will become even more fair, transparent, and predictable, and China will be able to maintain strong appeal and serve as a favorite destination for overseas investment.
  加快實施自由貿易區戰略?;糖┣蛉婢沒鋨楣叵敵?,加快中日韓自貿區等談判,推進中美、中歐投資協定談判,加強亞太自貿區聯合戰略研究。我們愿與各方一道,推進貿易投資自由化,共同構建均衡、共贏、包容的國際經貿體系。
  -- We will accelerate implementation of the free trade zone strategy.
  We wish to actively negotiate and sign the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement. We will help speed up negotiations on the establishment of the China-Japan-RoK free trade area. We will work to make progress in negotiations on investment agreements between China and the United States and between China and the European Union. We will help strengthen collective strategic research on the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific. China wishes to work with all interested parties to move ahead with trade and investment liberalization and establish an international economic and trade system that is balanced, inclusive, and beneficial for all.
 ?。┘喲蠡肪持衛砹Χ?,推動綠色發展取得新突破。治理污染、?;せ肪?,事關人民群眾健康和可持續發展,必須強力推進,下決心走出一條經濟發展與環境改善雙贏之路。
  6. Step up environmental governance efforts and work to see breakthroughs in green development
  Pollution control and environmental protection are important to both the health of our people and sustainable development, so we must work hard moving forward and resolve to take a path that leads to both economic development and environmental improvement.
  重拳治理大氣霧霾和水污染。今年化學需氧量、氨氮排放量要分別下降2%,二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放量分別下降3%,重點地區細顆粒物(PM2.5)濃度繼續下降。著力抓好減少燃煤排放和機動車排放。加強煤炭清潔高效利用,減少散煤使用,推進以電代煤、以氣代煤。全面實施燃煤電廠超低排放和節能改造。加快淘汰不符合強制性標準的燃煤鍋爐。增
  -- We will take strong measures against air and water pollution.
  This year, we will ensure that chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions are both reduced by 2%, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emissions are cut by 3%, and the density of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in key areas continues to fall. We will focus on promoting the reduction of emissions from the burning of coal and motor vehicles. We will work to promote cleaner and more efficient use of coal, ensure there is less use of untreated coal, and do more to see coal substituted with electricity and natural gas. We will upgrade coal-burning power plants nationwide to achieve ultra-low emissions and energy efficiency, and we will move faster to shut down coal-fired boilers that do not meet compulsory standards.
  加天然氣供應,完善風能、太陽能、生物質能等發展扶持政策,提高清潔能源比重。鼓勵秸稈資源化綜合利用,限制直接焚燒。全面推廣車用燃油國五標準,淘汰黃標車和老舊車380萬輛。
  We will increase natural gas supply, improve policy support for the development of wind, solar, and biomass energy, and increase the proportion of clean energy in total energy consumption. We will encourage a whole range of forms of straw utilization and restrict open burning. We will push for the use of automobile gasoline and diesel fuel that meet National-V standards nationwide and see that 3.8 million old or high-emission vehicles are taken off the roads.
  在重點區域實行大氣污染聯防聯控。全面推進城鎮污水處理設施建設與改造,加強農業面源污染和流域水環境綜合治理。加大工業污染源治理力度,對排污企業全面實行在線監測。強化環境?;ざ講?,做到獎懲分明。新修訂的環境?;しū匭胙細裰蔥?,對超排偷排者必須依法嚴厲打擊,對姑息縱容者必須依法嚴肅追究。
  We will coordinate efforts to prevent and control air pollution in regions where it presents a problem. We will press ahead with the nationwide development and upgrading of urban sewage treatment facilities, and strengthen comprehensive efforts aimed at controlling agricultural pollution from non-point sources and at improving the water environment in river basin areas. We will step up efforts to deal with industrial pollution at the source and conduct online monitoring of all polluting enterprises. We will strengthen environmental inspection and reward and punish as appropriate. We must ensure that the newly revised Environmental Protection Law is strictly enforced, that those who emit pollutants beyond the limit allowed by their permit or without a permit are severely punished as stipulated by law, and that those who knowingly allow such violations are held to account in accordance with the law.
  大力發展節能環保產業。擴大綠色環保標準覆蓋面。完善扶持政策,支持推廣節能環保先進技術裝備,廣泛開展合同能源管理和環境污染第三方治理,加大建筑節能改造力度,加快傳統制造業綠色改造??谷窠諛?、節水行動,推進垃圾分類處理,健全再生資源回收利用網絡,把節能環保產業培育成我國發展的一大支柱產業。
  -- We will work to develop the energy conservation and environmental protection industries.
  We will ensure that environmental standards are applied in more areas. We will improve policy support to encourage the use of energy-saving and environmentally friendly advanced technologies and equipment, promote on a large scale contracted energy management and third-party treatment of environmental pollution, and work to see that energy-saving renovations in buildings are strengthened and efforts are accelerated to make traditional manufacturing more eco-friendly. We will encourage everyone to conserve energy and water, make progress in using sorted treatment of waste, improve the networks for recycling renewable resources, and turn the energy conservation and environmental protection industries into pillar industries underpinning China's development.
  加強生態安全屏障建設。健全生態?;げ鉤セ?。停止天然林商業性采伐,實行新一輪草原生態?;げ怪崩?。推進地下水超采區綜合治理試點,實施濕地等生態?;び牖指垂こ?,繼續治理荒漠化、石漠化和水土流失。?;せ肪?,人人有責。每一個社會成員都要自覺行動起來,為建設美麗中國貢獻力量。
  -- We will continue to develop ecological security barriers.
  We will improve mechanisms for compensating for ecological conservation efforts. Commercial logging in natural forests will be banned, and a new round of subsidy and award policies for grassland ecological conservation efforts will be implemented. Trials to comprehensively deal with the over-abstraction of groundwater will be moved ahead, more will be done to protect and restore wetlands and other ecosystems, and continued efforts will be made to curb desertification, rock desertification, and soil erosion. Every one of us has an obligation to protect the environment -- we call on every member of society to act and contribute to the building of a Beautiful China.
 ?。ㄆ擼┣惺當U細納潑襠?,加強社會建設。為政之道,民生為本。我們要念之再三、銘之肺腑,多謀民生之利,多解民生之憂。財政收入增長雖放緩,但該給群眾辦的實事一件也不能少。
  7. Strengthen social development to promote people's well being
  The best form of governance is that which puts people's wellbeing first. We must never lose sight of this and do more to improve the lives of our people and address their concerns. Growth in government revenue is slowing, but when it comes to getting things done for the welfare of the people, we mustn't drop a single thing.
  著力擴大就業創業。實施更加積極的就業政策,鼓勵以創業帶動就業。今年高校畢業生將高達765萬人,要落實好就業促進計劃和創業引領計劃,促進多渠道就業創業。用好失業保險基金結余,增加穩就業資金規模,做好企業下崗職工技能培訓和再就業工作,對城鎮就業困難人員提供托底幫扶。完成2100萬人次以上農民工職業技能提升培訓任務。加強對靈活就業、新就業形態的扶持。切實做好退役軍人安置和就業創業服務工作。
  -- We will promote growth in employment and new businesses.
  We will pursue a more proactive employment policy and encourage business startups that create employment. This year, there will be up to 7.65 million college graduates. We will use multiple channels to increase employment and encourage entrepreneurship by implementing initiatives for promoting employment of college graduates and guiding them in starting up their own businesses. We will make good use of the surplus from unemployment insurance funds and increase funds for keeping job creation stable to provide skills training for laid-off enterprise employees and help them find new employment and offer basic needs assistance to those in urban areas who face difficulties in securing employment. Over 21 million training opportunities should be provided for migrant workers to improve their skills. We will strengthen assistance for flexible employment and new forms of employment. We will see that demobilized military personnel are settled into new jobs or have good access to employment and business startup services.
  發展更高質量更加公平的教育。教育承載著國家的未來、人民的期盼。公共教育投入要加大向中西部和邊遠、貧困地區傾斜力度。統一城鄉義務教育經費保障機制,改善薄弱學校和寄宿制學校辦學條件。支持普惠性幼兒園發展。辦好特殊教育。加快健全現代職業教育體系,分類推進中等職業教育免除學雜費。對貧困家庭學生率先免除普通高中學雜費。落實提高鄉村教師待遇政策。加快推進遠程教育,擴大優質教育資源覆蓋面。提升高校教學水平和創新能力,推動具備條件的普通本科高校向應用型轉變。
  -- We will promote fairer access to quality education.
  Education is where a country's future and its people's hopes and aspirations lie. We will allocate a greater share of funds for public education to the central and western regions and to remote and poor areas. We will unify the urban and rural mechanisms for funding compulsory education and improve conditions in boarding schools and schools which are badly built or poorly operated. We will support the development of kindergartens open to all children. We will see that special needs education is well provided. We will work faster to modernize the vocational education system and, type by type, begin waiving all tuition and miscellaneous fees at schools providing secondary vocational education. Students from families with financial difficulties will be the first to be exempted from tuition and miscellaneous fees at regular senior high schools. The salary and other benefits of teachers in rural areas will be increased. We will move faster to promote distance learning and expand the reach of quality educational resources. Institutions of higher learning should strengthen their teaching and their capacity for innovation. Regular undergraduate institutions will be encouraged to shift their focus toward providing applied education if they are in a position to do so. .
  繼續擴大重點高校面向貧困地區農村招生規模,落實和完善農民工隨遷子女在當地就學和升學考試政策。支持和規范民辦教育發展。
  We will continue to help see the increased enrollment of students from poor rural areas into key colleges, and improve and implement policies enabling children who live with their migrant worker parents to go to secondary school or take college entrance exams in their city of residence. We will support the development of privately run educational institutions and work to ensure they meet all relevant standards
  教育要促進學生德智體美全面發展,注重培養各類高素質創新型人才。從家庭到學校、從政府到社會,都要為孩子們的安全健康、成長成才擔起責任,共同托起明天的希望。
  Education should promote the moral, intellectual, physical, and artistic development of students, and particular attention should be given to fostering all kinds of high-caliber creative talent. Families, schools, governments, and our society as a whole must together shoulder the responsibility of ensuring our children, our hope for tomorrow, are safe, healthy, and can grow up with the opportunity to reach their full potential.
  協調推進醫療、醫保、醫藥聯動改革。健康是幸福之基。今年要實現大病保險全覆蓋,政府加大投入,讓更多大病患者減輕負擔。中央財政安排城鄉醫療救助補助資金160億元,增長9.6%。整合城鄉居民基本醫保制度,財政補助由每人每年380元提高到420元。改革醫保支付方式,加快推進基本醫保全國聯網和異地就醫結算。
  -- We will advance the coordinated reform of medical services, medical insurance, and the medicine industry.
  Health is at the root of happiness. This year, we aim to realize full coverage of the serious disease insurance scheme, and government funding for the scheme will be increased to reduce the financial burdens of more people suffering from serious diseases. The central government will allocate 16 billion yuan to be used in both rural and urban areas for medical assistance and subsidies, an increase of 9.6% over last year. We will merge the basic medical insurance systems for rural and non-working urban residents and raise government subsidies for the scheme from 380 to 420 yuan per capita per annum. We will reform the ways for making medical insurance payouts and expedite the building of a nationwide network for basic medical insurance so that medical expenses can be settled where they are incurred via basic medical insurance accounts.
  擴大公立醫院綜合改革試點城市范圍,協同推進醫療服務價格、藥品流通等改革。深化藥品醫療器械審評審批制度改革。加快培養全科醫生、兒科醫生。在70%左右的地市開展分級診療試點?;竟參郎窬巡普怪尤司?0元提高到45元,促進醫療資源向基層和農村流動。鼓勵社會辦醫。發展中醫藥、民族醫藥事業。建立健全符合醫療行業特點的人事薪酬制度,?;ず偷鞫轎袢嗽被?。構建和諧醫患關系。完善一對夫婦可生育兩個孩子的配套政策。為了人民健康,要加快健全統一權威的食品藥品安全監管體制,嚴守從農田到餐桌、從企業到醫院的每一道防線,讓人民群眾飲食用藥安全放心。
  We will see that more cities participate in piloting comprehensive public hospital reform; move forward in a coordinated way with medical service pricing reform and reform in medicine distribution; and deepen the reform of the evaluation and approval systems for medicines and medical equipment. We will move faster to train general practitioners and pediatricians. We will carry out trials for tiered medical services in around 70% of prefecture-level cities, increase basic annual per capita government subsidies for public health services from 40 to 45 yuan, and see that more medical resources are channeled toward the community level in urban areas and toward rural areas. We will encourage the development of privately run hospitals. We will promote the development of traditional Chinese medicine and the medical traditions of ethnic minorities. We will establish HR and remuneration systems suited to the medical sector to motivate medical practitioners and protect their enthusiasm. We will work to ensure harmony in the relationship between doctor and patient. We will improve the supporting policies to complement the decision to allow all couples to have two children.To see that the health of our people is protected, we will speed up the development of unified and authoritative safety monitoring systems for food and pharmaceuticals and reinforce every line of defense from the farm to the dining table, and from the enterprise to the hospital. This should ensure that people have access to safe food and medicine and can have confidence in what they are eating and taking.
  織密織牢社會保障安全網。繼續提高退休人員基本養老金標準。各地要切實負起責任,確保養老金按時足額發放。制定劃轉部分國有資本充實社?;鳶旆???寡戲褚底酆細母鍤緣?,推進多種形式的醫養結合。落實臨時救助、特困人員救助供養等制度,合理確定救助供養標準,完善工作機制。城鄉低保人均補助標準分別提高5%和8%。加快健全城鄉社會救助體系,使困難群眾遇急有助、遇困有幫,讓社會充滿關愛和溫暖。
  -- We will build an extensive and tightly woven social safety net.
  We will continue to raise basic pension benefits for retirees. Local governments need to fulfill their duties to ensure that pension benefits are paid on time and in full. We will work out methods for putting a portion of state capital into social security funds. Initiatives will be launched to pilot comprehensive reform of the elderly care service industry, and progress should be made in developing a variety of forms of combined medical and care services for the elderly. We will implement the temporary assistance scheme and the system for providing basic assistance to persons living in extreme poverty, appropriately determining how much to grant and improving how it is granted. Per capita subsidies for subsistence allowances in rural and urban areas will be increased by 8% and 5%, respectively. We will speed up the development of social assistance systems so that people with urgent needs have access to assistance and support, helping society become a caring and warm one.
  推進文化改革發展。用中國夢和中國特色社會主義凝聚共識、匯聚力量,培育和踐行社會主義核心價值觀,加強愛國主義教育。實施哲學社會科學創新工程,發展文學藝術、新聞出版、廣播影視、檔案等事業。建設中國特色新型智庫。加強文物和非物質文化遺產?;だ?。深化群眾性精神文明創建活動,倡導全民閱讀,普及科學知識,弘揚科學精神,提高國民素質和社會文明程度。促進傳統媒體與新興媒體融合發展。培育健康網絡文化。深化中外人文交流,加強國際傳播能力建設。深化文化體制改革,引導公共文化資源向城鄉基層傾斜,推動文化產業創新發展,繁榮文化市場,加強文化市場管理。推進數字廣播電視戶戶通。做好北京冬奧會和冬殘奧會籌辦工作,倡導全民健身新時尚。
  -- We will promote the reform and development of the cultural sector.
  We will draw on the Chinese Dream and socialism with Chinese characteristics to build consensus and pool strength, nurture and practice the core socialist values, and make greater efforts to foster patriotism. We will carry out an initiative to encourage innovation in philosophy and the social sciences. We will promote the development of literature and art; the press and publishing; radio, television, and film; and archiving. New types of Chinese think tanks will be developed. China's cultural relics and intangible cultural heritage will be more effectively protected and put to better use. We will support popular activities which promote cultural and ethical progress. We will work to foster a love of reading in our people, popularize scientific knowledge, promote the spirit of science, improve the overall caliber of the population and raise the level of civility in society. We will promote the integrated development of traditional and new media. We will encourage the development of a healthy online culture. We will work to deepen cultural exchanges with other countries and strengthen our capacity for international communication. We will deepen structural reform of the cultural sector, see that more public cultural resources are made available in rural and urban communities, promote the creative development of the cultural sector, see that markets for cultural products and services flourish, and strengthen regulation of such markets. We will enable more households to enjoy digital broadcasting. We will make thorough preparations for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. We will encourage new trends in popular fitness activities.
  加強和創新社會治理。做好基層基礎工作,推進城鄉社區建設,促進基層民主協商。支持工會、共青團、婦聯等群團組織參與社會治理。加快行業協會商會與行政機關脫鉤改革,依法規范發展社會組織,支持專業社會工作、志愿服務和慈善事業發展。加強社會信用體系建設。切實保障婦女、兒童、殘疾人權益,加強對農村留守兒童和婦女、老人的關愛服務。深化司法體制改革,開展法治宣傳教育,啟動實施“七五”普法規劃,做好法律援助和社區矯正工作。完善國家網絡安全保障體系。創新社會治安綜合治理機制,以信息化為支撐推進社會治安防控體系建設,依法懲治違法犯罪行為,嚴厲打擊暴力恐怖活動,增強人民群眾的安全感。改進信訪工作,完善多元調解機制,有效化解矛盾糾紛,促進社會平安祥和。
  -- We will strengthen and develop new forms of social governance.
  We will make sure foundational work and work at the community level is carried out to proper effect. We will promote urban and rural community development and encourage democratic consultation at the community level. We will support the participation of people's organizations, such as trade unions, Communist youth league organizations, and women's federations, in social governance. We will move faster to untie industry associations and chambers of commerce from any connections they still have with the government. Social organizations will be developed and regulated in accordance with the law, and support will be given to the development of specialized social work, volunteer services, and charity. We will step up the development of the social credit system. We will ensure the full protection of the rights and interests of women, children, and people with disabilities, and strengthen support and services provided to the children, women, and elderly who remain in rural areas while their family members work away in the cities. We will deepen the reform of the judicial system, work to raise public awareness of the rule of law, begin to implement the seventh five-year plan for increasing public knowledge of the law, and see that a good job is done in terms of legal aid provision and community corrections. We will improve the national system for cybersecurity. New ways will be developed to improve the mechanisms for maintaining law and order, an IT-based system for crime prevention and control will be developed, unlawful and criminal activities will be punished in accordance with the law, and violent terrorist activities will be dealt with severely. All these steps will ensure people's security. We will improve on work related to the handling of complaints made by letter or in person and refine the mechanisms for multimodal dispute mediation, so as to address disputes and ensure social peace and harmony.
  生命高于一切,安全重于泰山。必須堅持不懈抓好安全生產和公共安全,加強安全基礎設施和防災減災能力建設,健全監測預警應急機制,提高氣象服務水平,做好地震、測繪、地質等工作。完善和落實安全生產責任、管理制度和考核機制,實行黨政同責、一崗雙責,加大失職追責力度,嚴格監管執法,堅決遏制重特大安全事故發生,切實保障人民生命財產安全。
  Nothing is more valuable than life, and ensuring public safety is of paramount importance. We must continue our efforts to ensure workplace and public safety, improve safety infrastructure and build capacity to prevent and mitigate disasters, enhance monitoring, early-warning, and emergency response mechanisms, improve meteorological services, and deliver a good performance in seismology, surveying, mapping, and geology. We will improve and implement the system of accountability, management, and evaluation for workplace safety to ensure that both CPC committees and governments are held accountable and that officials take responsibility for workplace safety in performing their duties, and intensify efforts to see that those who fail to uphold safety standards are held accountable. We will tighten oversight and law enforcement to guard against and prevent the occurrence of major workplace accidents and protect the lives and property of our people.
 ?。ò耍┘憂空隕斫ㄉ?,提高施政能力和服務水平。重任千鈞惟擔當。面對異常艱巨復雜的改革發展任務,各級政府要深入貫徹落實新發展理念,把全面建成小康社會使命扛在肩上,把萬家憂樂放在心頭,建設人民滿意的法治政府、創新政府、廉潔政府和服務型政府。
  8. Improve government functions, strengthen our administrative capacity, and deliver quality government services
  The most formidable tasks demand the greatest sense of mission. Faced with the onerous and complex tasks of reform and development, we in governments at all levels should follow the new vision on development in our work, bear the weight of finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects on our shoulders, keep the people's wellbeing at the forefront of our minds, and build a law-based, innovative, clean, and service-oriented government that the people are satisfied with.
  堅持依法履職,把政府活動全面納入法治軌道。各級政府及其工作人員要帶頭嚴格遵守憲法和法律,自覺運用法治思維和法治方式推動工作,法定職責必須為,法無授權不可為?;菩姓曬宋手貧?。深入推進政務公開,充分發揮傳統媒體、新興媒體作用,利用好網絡平臺,及時回應社會關切,使群眾了解政府做什么、怎么做。各級政府要依法接受同級人大及其常委會的監督,自覺接受人民政協的民主監督,接受社會和輿論監督,讓權力在陽光下運行。
  -- We will ensure that all government duties are performed in accordance with the law and that all government activities are carried out in line with the rule of law.
  Governments at all levels and all their employees must take the lead in strictly abiding by the Constitution and other laws and conscientiously apply rule of law thinking and approaches in their work; they must carry out all statutory functions and duties and may not do anything not authorized by law. We will actively promote the legal consultation system for government. We will intensify efforts to make government operations more open by making use of both traditional and new media including the Internet to respond in a timely manner to social concerns and inform the public about what the government is doing and how. We in governments at all levels must, as required by law, subject ourselves to the oversight of the people's congresses at the same levels and their standing committees, and we should willingly subject ourselves to the democratic oversight of CPPCC committees, public oversight, and public opinion-based oversight, so as to exercise power in an open and transparent way.
  堅持廉潔履職,深入推進反腐倡廉。認真落實黨風廉政建設主體責任,嚴厲整治各種頂風違紀行為。加強行政監察,推進審計全覆蓋。以減權限權、創新監管等舉措減少尋租空間,鏟除滋生腐敗土壤。推動黨風廉政建設向基層延伸,堅決糾正侵害群眾利益的不正之風,堅定不移懲治腐敗。
  -- We will ensure that government duties are performed with integrity and intensify efforts to fight corruption.
  We will see that leading Party and government officials at all levels assume full responsibility for improving Party conduct and government integrity, and we will severely punish all types of behavior that constitute flagrant violations of discipline. Administrative supervision will be strengthened, and the whole government system will be placed under auditing. Steps will be taken, such as reducing or limiting certain powers and adopting new forms of supervision, to eliminate room for rent-seeking and eradicate the breeding grounds of corruption. We will ensure that efforts to improve Party conduct and government integrity are extended right down to the community level, resolutely correct improper conduct that harms the interests of the general public, and punish corruption without fail.
  堅持勤勉履職,提高執行力和公信力。政府工作人員要恪盡職守、夙夜在公,主動作為、善謀勇為。深入踐行“三嚴三實”,增強政治意識、大局意識、核心意識、看齊意識,加強作風和能力建設,打造高素質專業化的公務員隊伍。健全并嚴格執行工作責任制,確保各項政策和任務不折不扣落到實處。健全督查問責機制,堅決整肅庸政懶政怠政行為,決不允許占著位子不干事。健全激勵機制和容錯糾錯機制,給改革創新者撐腰鼓勁,讓廣大干部愿干事、敢干事、能干成事。中國改革開放30多年的輝煌成就,就是廣大干部群眾干出來的。
  -- We will ensure that officials perform their duties diligently, that government decisions are fully implemented, and that the government's public credibility is improved.
  Government workers must take an active approach to their work, carry out effective planning and decisive implementation, fulfill all their duties, and work tirelessly in service of the public. We will practice the Three Stricts and Three Honests; become more aware of the need to uphold political integrity, keep in mind the bigger picture, follow the CPC as the core of the Chinese leadership, act consistently with CPC Central Committee policy; and improve conduct and competence in order to become a contingent of top-performing public servants with a good command of professional expertise. We will improve and strictly enforce the work responsibility system and fully execute all policies and tasks without fail. We will improve oversight and accountability systems, root out incompetence, inertia, and negligence, and show zero tolerance for those who are on the government payroll but do not perform their duties. We will improve incentive mechanisms and mechanisms to allow for and address mistakes, supporting and motivating those who are committed to carrying out reforms and making innovations. This will help ensure that our officials want to act, are not afraid to act, and are able to act and deliver. The remarkable achievements made in China's reform and opening up over the past 30 plus years are a result of the actions of our people and our officials.
  上下同欲者勝。我們要充分發揮中央和地方兩個積極性。對真抓實干成效明顯的地方,在建設資金安排、新增建設用地、財政沉淀資金統籌使用等方面,加大獎勵支持力度。鼓勵各地從實際出發干事創業,形成競相發展的生動局面。
  Success belongs to those who share, from top to bottom, in one purpose. We will keep both the central and local governments fully motivated. Localities which work diligently and make notable achievements will receive greater incentives and support in terms of development funds, land designations for new construction projects, and idle budgetary funds made available to them. We will encourage all localities to conduct their work in light of their particular circumstances and create a motivational sense of competition in pursuit of development.
  各位代表!
  中華民族是一個大家庭,促進各民族和睦相處、和衷共濟、和諧發展,是各族人民的根本利益和共同責任。要堅持中國特色解決民族問題的正確道路,堅持和完善民族區域自治制度,嚴格執行黨的民族政策,深入開展民族團結進步創建活動,推動建立各民族相互嵌入式的社會結構和社區環境,促進各民族交往交流交融。落實促進民族地區發展的差別化支持政策,加強對口幫扶,?;ず頭⒄股偈褡逵判憒澄幕疤厴逭?,加大扶持人口較少民族發展力度,大力實施興邊富民行動,讓全國各族人民共同邁向全面小康社會。
  There are several other areas I wish to address.
  First, all the people of China are of one family. Helping the people of all our ethnic groups to live together, share in a common cause, and develop in harmony is in the fundamental interests of us all, and is our joint responsibility. We will stick to the Chinese way-the right way-of managing ethnic issues, and uphold and improve the system of regional ethnic autonomy. We will follow closely the Party's policies concerning ethnic groups, launch extensive activities to promote ethnic unity and progress, facilitate the development of a social structure and a community environment in which different ethnic groups are integrated, and promote interaction, communication, and integration between ethnic groups. We will implement differentiated policies in support of the development of areas with concentrations of ethnic minorities, offer assistance through pairing programs, and protect and develop the fine traditional cultures of ethnic minorities and towns and villages rich in ethnic heritage. We will step up support for the development of ethnic groups with smaller populations and boost efforts to promote the development of the border regions to improve the lives of the people there. In short, we will ensure that all the people of China work together for a moderately prosperous society in all respects.
  我們要全面貫徹黨的宗教工作基本方針,堅持依法管理宗教事務,促進宗教關系和諧,發揮宗教界人士和信教群眾在促進經濟社會發展中的積極作用。
  We will fully implement the Party's basic policy on religion, regulate religious affairs in accordance with the law, promote harmonious relations between religions, and see that religious leaders and believers are actively involved in promoting economic and social development.
  我們要認真落實僑務政策,依法維護海外僑胞和歸僑僑眷的合法權益,充分發揮他們的獨特優勢和重要作用,不斷增強海內外中華兒女的向心力。
  We will implement our policies on work related to overseas Chinese, and work in accordance with the law to safeguard the lawful rights and interests of overseas Chinese nationals, Chinese nationals who have returned to China from overseas, and the relatives of overseas Chinese nationals who live in China. We will give full expression to their unique strengths and important roles, rally their support, and strengthen the bonds of attachment and affection of all Chinese, whether at home or overseas, to our motherland.
  各位代表!
  過去一年,國防和軍隊建設取得顯著成效。新的一年,要緊緊圍繞實現黨在新形勢下的強軍目標,深入推進政治建軍、改革強軍、依法治軍,全面加強軍隊革命化現代化正規化建設,堅決維護國家安全。堅持黨對軍隊絕對領導的根本原則和制度,落實古田全軍政治工作會議精神。統籌推進各方向各領域軍事斗爭準備,嚴密組織日常戰備和邊??輾攔蕓?。加強后勤保障和裝備發展。穩步推進領導指揮體制改革,部署展開軍隊規模結構和政策制度等改革。提高軍隊建設法治化水平。建設現代化武裝警察部隊。加強全民國防教育和國防動員建設。推動重要領域軍民融合深度發展,在重要基礎設施建設中充分考慮國防需求。發展國防科技工業。各級政府要大力支持國防和軍隊建設,走出一條新時期魚水情深的軍政軍民團結之路。
  Second, last year saw significant progress in strengthening national defense and the armed forces. This year, in keeping with the Party's goal of building strong armed forces under new conditions, we will boost efforts to build the armed forces through political work and reform, and run them by law. We will work to make the military more revolutionary, modern, and well-structured in every respect, and remain committed to safeguarding national security. We will uphold the fundamental principle and institution of the Party having absolute leadership over the armed forces, and put into practice the guiding principles adopted at the military's meeting on political work held in Gutian, Fujian. We will strengthen in a coordinated way military preparedness on all fronts and for all scenarios, and work meticulously to ensure combat readiness and border, coastal, and air defense control. We will step up the development of logistics and equipment. We will make steady progress in reforming military leadership and command structures, and launch reform of the military's size and structure as well as its policies and institutions. We will ensure law-based development of the armed forces. We will modernize the armed police force. Public awareness about the importance of national defense and national defense mobilization will be strengthened. Closer military-civilian integration will be promoted in important fields, and full consideration will be given to defense needs in the development of important infrastructure. We will develop defense-related science, technology, and industries. Governments at all levels should give full support to strengthening national defense and the armed forces, and we should strive to forge an ever closer bond between the military and the government and between the military and the people in this new era.
  各位代表!
  我們將全面準確貫徹“一國兩制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方針,嚴格依照憲法和基本法辦事。全力支持香港、澳門特別行政區行政長官和政府依法施政。發揮港澳獨特優勢,提升港澳在國家經濟發展和對外開放中的地位和功能。深化內地與港澳合作,促進港澳提升自身競爭力。我們相信,香港、澳門一定會保持長期繁榮穩定。
  Third, we will implement, both to the letter and in spirit, the principles of "one country, two systems," the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong, the people of Macao governing Macao, and both regions enjoying a high degree of autonomy, and we will act in strict compliance with China's Constitution and the basic laws of the Hong Kong and Macao special administrative regions. We pledge our full support to the chief executives and governments of the two regions as they conduct governance in accordance with their respective laws. We will give expression to the distinctive strengths of Hong Kong and Macao, and elevate their positions and roles in China's economic development and opening up. We will work to deepen cooperation between the mainland and these two regions and help Hong Kong and Macao strengthen their competitiveness. We are convinced that Hong Kong and Macao will maintain long-term prosperity and stability.
  我們要繼續堅持對臺工作大政方針,堅持“九二共識”政治基礎,堅決反對“臺獨”分裂活動,維護國家主權和領土完整,維護兩岸關系和平發展和臺海和平穩定。推進兩岸經濟融合發展。促進兩岸文教、科技等領域交流,加強兩岸基層和青年交流。我們將秉持“兩岸一家親”理念,同臺灣同胞共擔民族大義,共享發展機遇,攜手構建兩岸命運共同體。
  We will remain committed to our major policies on Taiwan, uphold the 1992 Consensus as the political foundation, resolutely oppose separatist activities for the independence of Taiwan, safeguard China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, maintain the peaceful growth of cross-Straits relations, and safeguard peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits. We will strive to make progress in cross-Straits economic integration. We will encourage cultural, educational, scientific, and technological exchanges and help strengthen exchanges between ordinary people and the younger generation between both sides of the Straits. Guided by the conviction that people on both sides of the Straits belong to one and the same family, we will share with our fellow countrymen and women in Taiwan both the responsibility of the Chinese nation and opportunities for development and jointly build a cross-Straits community of common destiny.
  各位代表!
  我們將繼續高舉和平、發展、合作、共贏的旗幟,踐行中國特色大國外交理念,維護國家主權、安全、發展利益。辦好在我國舉行的二十國集團領導人峰會,推動世界經濟創新增長,完善全球經濟金融治理。加強與各主要大國協調合作,建設良性互動、合作共贏的大國關系。秉持親誠惠容的周邊外交理念,與地區國家持久和平相處、聯動融合發展。深化南南合作、促進共同發展,維護發展中國家正當合法權益。建設性參與解決全球性和熱點問題。加快海外利益?;つ芰ㄉ?,切實?;の夜窈頭ㄈ稅踩?。中國愿與國際社會一道,為人類和平與發展事業不懈努力!
  Finally, we will continue to hold aloft the banner of peace, development, cooperation, and mutual benefit, practice the distinctive vision guiding China in conducting its diplomacy as a major country, and safeguard its sovereignty, security, and developmental interests. We will host the G20 leaders' summit to promote innovative growth in the global economy and improve global economic and financial governance. We will step up coordination and cooperation with all other major countries and develop with them relations characterized by positive interaction and win-win cooperation. Guided by the policy of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit, and inclusiveness in developing relations with our neighbors, we will work with other countries in our region to maintain lasting peaceful relations and coordinated and integrated development. We will help deepen South-South cooperation, promote common development, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of developing countries. We will participate constructively in solving global and sensitive issues. We will move faster to strengthen our capacity for safeguarding China's overseas interests and protect the safety of Chinese nationals and legal persons. China will work tirelessly with the rest of the international community to promote the peace and development of all of humanity.
  各位代表!
  奮斗才能贏得未來。讓我們更加緊密地團結在以習近平同志為總書記的黨中央周圍,凝心聚力,奮發進取,努力完成今年經濟社會發展目標任務,確保全面建成小康社會決勝階段良好開局,為建成富強民主文明和諧的社會主義現代化國家、實現中華民族偉大復興的中國夢作出新的貢獻!
  Esteemed Deputies,
  Our future can be secured only through hard work. Let us rally closer around the CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Xi Jinping and, working together and remaining of one mind, strive to fulfill this year's economic and social development tasks and targets. Let us thus make a good start to the decisive stage of finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and make new contributions to turning China into a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, and harmonious and to achieving the Chinese

 

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