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广东快乐十分单双改单:  牛津詞典新增詞匯盤點:今天你“餓毛”了嗎

广东快乐十分钟概率 www.gzlgt.icu 青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司(广东快乐十分钟概率 www.gzlgt.icu)整理發布  2015-10-06

  

青島希尼爾翻譯公司(广东快乐十分钟概率 www.gzlgt.icu)2015年10月6日獲悉:NBD, but are you ready to fangirl over our dictionary update? Abso-bloody-lutely. We’ve got some awesomesauce new words – no, rly – that will inform and entertain whether you’re hangry or it’s already wine o’clock. Mic drop.

雖然沒什么大不了的(NBD),但是你還是準備好當我們字典新詞的腦殘粉(fangirl)了嗎?絕對尼瑪(abso-bloody-lutely)準備好了啊。我們有很多超贊的(awesomesauce)新詞,真的(rly),無論是你餓毛了(hangry)還是已經到酒點(wine o’clock)了,你都會學到東西并且覺得很好玩的。

Mic drops, awesomesauce, manspreading, and more
扔麥,贊醬,大爺式占座,等等

The mic drop can be a literal ‘instance of deliberately dropping or tossing aside one’s microphone at the end of a performance or speech one considers to have been particularly impressive’, but it’s more likely to be figurative – or an exclamation to emphasize a particularly impressive point: Nuff said. Mic drop.

“扔麥(mic drop)”原意是“在表演或演講結束時扔掉麥克風的瞬間(而且特別讓人印象深刻)”,不過用得更多的是它的引申義——用作嘆詞,強調一件事令人印象深刻:無需多說了,扔麥。

If you want to describe something as excellent, you can use awesomesauce; on the other side of the coin, anything of a poor or disappointing standard is weak sauce. Weak sauce came first, and has a more comprehensible origin as a metaphor; an inadequate sauce would certainly let down an otherwise decent meal. Though awesomesauce clearly comes from the words awesome and sauce, the former is currently beating the latter in the Oxford English Corpus and Oxford Twitter Corpus.

如果你想描述一樣東西很棒,你可以用“awesomesauce(‘贊醬’,超贊的)”;相反,很差勁、令人失望的東西就是“weak sauce(弱醬)”。先出現的是“weak sauce(弱醬)”,這個詞是一個來源很好理解的比喻:醬汁不夠好肯定會讓美食變味。雖然“awesomesauce(贊醬)”明顯只是 “awesome(很贊的)”和“sauce(醬汁)”組合起來,但它現在已經在牛津英語(精品課)語料庫和牛津推特語料庫把“弱醬”打敗了。

Why say banter (‘playfully teasing or mocking remarks exchanged with another person or group’) when you can save a syllable with bants? (Be careful where you use it, though; the term might be recognized in the UK, but is likely to get bemused looks elsewhere.) And, speaking of brevity, the initialism NBD can take the place of no big deal, while rly is handy textspeak for really.

如果說“bants(開玩笑取笑對方的話)”可以少發一個音節,為什么還要說“banter”呢?(不過要小心說的地方,在英國,人們聽得懂“bants”,但在其它地方就不行了。)說到簡短,首字母縮略詞“NBD”可以代替“no big deal(沒什么大不了的)”,而發短信時用“rly”代替“really(真的)”也很方便。

You may remember mansplain from last year’s update. It’s now joined by the noun manspreading: ‘the practice whereby a man, especially one travelling on public transport, adopts a sitting position with his legs wide apart, in such a way as to encroach on an adjacent seat or seats’. If you’re a gentleman reading this on the bus … can we suggest you arrange your legs considerately? Rly.

你或許還記得去年的更新里有“mansplain(大男子式地說話)”,現在又加入了一個名詞“manspreading(大爺式占座)”:“一個男人在公共交通設施上兩腿張開地坐著,好像把鄰座都占了一樣”。如果你是個紳士,正在公交車上讀到這個……可不可以請你把腿放好點呢?說真的。

Other informal terms in this update include brain fart, bitch face, bruh, butthurt, fur baby, MacGyver, mkay, rando, and swole.

其他非正式用語新詞還有“brain fart(‘大腦放屁’,指腦子抽了)”、“bitch face(‘碧池臉’,一種讓人很不爽的表情)”、“bruh(‘親’,用于稱呼男性)”、“butthurt(‘屁股痛’,無理取鬧的)”、“fur baby(‘毛寶寶’,帶毛的寵物)”、“MacGyver(百戰天龍‘馬蓋先’,動詞,指用手邊的材料當場創造性地修好東西)”、“mkay(另一種發音的‘OK’)”、“rando(不認識的傻帽)”和“swole(超有男人味)”。


餓毛了嗎?

Beer o’clock and wine o’clock are humorous terms for the (supposedly) appropriate times of day for having your first glass of either drink. You might need to start the meal earlier if you’re feeling hangry: a blend of hungry and angry, meaning ‘bad-tempered or irritable as a result of hunger’. Anything snackable will come in handy.

“Beer o’clock(啤酒點)”和“wine o’clock(紅酒點)”是一天里喝第一杯酒的(大概)恰當時間的幽默說法。如果你“hangry(餓毛)”了,就是說如果你“餓得脾氣暴躁”的話,你或許需要提早吃飯。任何“snackable(可以當零食吃)”的東西是能給你解饞的。

English often forms new words using existing suffixes, and the realm of food and drink shows several such innovations. From the –y ending comes cheffy (relating to, or characteristic of, a chef) and melty (melting or partially melted); from the –ery ending, we get cidery (a place where cider is made) and cupcakery (a bakery that specializes in cupcakes). The latter is a venue where you’re unlikely to have the option of cakeage, which is ‘a charge made by a restaurant for serving a cake that they have not supplied themselves’, and another word created by the inclusion of a common suffix. The word is modelled on the pattern of corkage, where the same rule applies to wine. And if you can’t bring yourself to have the finest things in life separately, there is now the option of a cat café, where café patrons can eat while surrounded by feline friends.

英語經?;嵊孟執嫻拇首豪醋楹閑麓?,飲食領域有不少這樣的創新。y結尾的有“cheffy(與大廚有關或有大廚風范的)”和“melty(正在融化或者已經部分融化的)”;ery結尾的有“cidery(制作蘋果酒的地方)”和“cupcakery(專賣紙杯蛋糕的面包店)”。在紙杯蛋糕店里你不太可能會知道“cakeage(蛋糕費)”是什么,那是“餐廳提供給你蛋糕卻不提供給自己而產生的費用”,也是一個由常見詞綴組合的詞。這個詞是按照“corkage(開瓶費)”的模式組合的,同樣的規則對“wine(葡萄酒)”也適用。如果你不能讓自己在生活中得到最好的東西,那你可以選擇去“cat café(貓咪咖啡廳)”,咖啡廳的顧客可以在喵星朋友的包圍下進餐。


游戲和網絡

Whether you’re a Redditor, a YouTuber, or more used to handling physical meeples (playing pieces in certain board games), this update has terms that’ll come in handy. Some don’t show the finer side of the human character: rage-quit is a verb meaning to ‘angrily abandon an activity or pursuit that has become frustrating’, and is especially used in relation to video games.

無論你是一個Redditor(Reddit用戶)、YouTuber(YouTube用戶),還是更經常玩meeples(‘米寶小木人’,某些桌游的配件)的人,這次的更新中都會有些你會用到的詞。有一些展現了人性的不完美的一面:“rage-quit(怒退)”是一個動詞,意思是“憤怒地退出一項已經變得煩人的活動”,尤其會用于電子游戲。

One reason you might rage-quit is because you are being pwned: that is, utterly defeated by an opponent. This informal term is used more often in video gaming, and supposedly resulted from a common mistyping of own with this sense, as a result of the proximity of p and o on a computer keyboard. Along with pwn comes pwnage (and ownage), being ‘the action or fact of utterly defeating an opponent or rival’.

你會“怒退”的原因之一可能會是你“pwned(一敗涂地了)”:就是說,被對手打得永無翻身之日。這一非正式用語常用于電子游戲,據說是來源于常見的“own”輸入錯誤,因為電腦鍵盤上p和o離得很近。和“pwn”一起的還有“pwnage”(和“ownage”),意思是“把對手打得永無翻身之日的行為或事實”。

 

广东快乐十分钟概率