美國國防部周四在一份關于中國軍力的年度報告中稱，中國正以“空前”規模實現空軍現代化，并在“快速拉近與西方空軍的差距”。US warns on
China air force modernisation China is modernising its air force on an
“unprecedented” scale and is “rapidly closing the gap with Western air
forces”, the Pentagon said on Thursday in its annual report on the
capabilities of the Chinese military.
The improvements in the Chinese air force were apparent not only in its
aircraft, but also in its use of jamming communications and electronic
warfare, said the report. China also appeared to be operating a drone
for reconnaissance at sea.
The Pentagon said that China’s headline defence budget of $119.5bn was
understated by about 20 per cent, with the real figure for spending on
the military closer to $145bn.
The report is an annual publication by the Pentagon which is mandated by
Congress. However, it comes at a time of increasing military tensions
between China and the US and its allies in Asia.
US and Chinese officials sparred verbally at a major regional security
conference at the weekend, with Chuck Hagel, US defence secretary,
accusing China of using coercive tactics in its maritime disputes while
Wang Guanzhong, deputy chief of the Chinese general staff, said that Mr
Hagel’s comments were “full of hegemony”.
China’s dispute with Vietnam in the South China Sea has escalated in
recent weeks after China started drilling for oil in an area claimed by
both countries while Chinese and Japanese fighter jets twice came
dangerously close to each other in the East China Sea.
According to the Pentagon report, China conducted its “largest open sea
exercise to date” last September when its three navy fleets took part in
drills in the South China Sea – one of the growing number of signs that
China’s military focus is shifting beyond its traditional emphasis on
The section on the air force provided the most new detail. The Pentagon
said that within a few years, the air force would use largely
fourth-generation fighter aircraft. The report also claims that China is
trying to buy Su-35 aircraft from Russia which has a sophisticated radar
system and which would allow it to undertake longer patrols in the East
China and South China Seas.
The Pentagon said that it was “probable” that China used a drone for a
reconnaissance mission in the East China Sea in 2013 and it had revealed
details of four different drones under development. It cited another
Pentagon report that claimed the China drones programme enjoyed
“unlimited resources” and “might allow China to match or even outpace US
spending on unmanned systems in the future”.
While the US Justice department in May filed charges against five
Chinese military officers for allegedly stealing trade secrets of US
private companies, the latest Pentagon report did not provide any new
details on Chinese cyber activities.