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广东快乐十分开奖登陆: 青島市計算建筑面積的規定翻譯中英文翻譯

广东快乐十分钟概率 www.gzlgt.icu 發布者:广东快乐十分钟概率     發布時間:2019-05-23

  

  

3 計算建筑面積的規定

301 單層建筑物的建筑面積,應按其外圍勒腳以上結構外圍水平面積計算。并應符合下列規定:
1
. 單層建筑高度在2.2及以上者應計算全面積,高度不及2。2者應計算1/2面積。
2
. 利用坡屋頂內空間時,板頂下面至樓面的凈高度超過2。1的部位應計算全面積;凈高在1。202。10的部位應計算1/2面積;凈高不足1。20的部位不應計算面積。
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02 單層建筑物內設有局部樓層者,局部樓層的二層及以上樓層,有圍護結構的應按其維護結構外圍水平面積計算,無維護結構的應按其結構地板水平面積計算,層高在2。20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2。20者應計算1/2面積。
3
03 多層建筑物首層應按其外墻勒腳以上結構外圍水平面積計算,二層及以上樓層應按其外墻結構外圍水平面積計算,層高在2.2及以上者應計算全面積,層高不足2。2者應計算1/2面積。
3
04 多層建筑物坡屋頂和場館看臺下,當設計加以利用時凈高超過2.10的部位應計算全面積,凈高在1。22.1的部位應計算1/2面積,當設計不利用或室內凈高不足1.2時不應計算面積。
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05 地下室,半地下室《車間,商店,車庫,倉庫等》,包括相應的有永久性頂蓋的出入口, 應按其外墻上口《不包括采光井,外墻防潮及其?;で健吠獗呦咚鄧矯婊撲?。層高在2。20及以上者應計算面積,層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。
3
06 坡地的建筑物吊腳架空層,深基礎架空層,設計加以利用并有圍護結構的,層高在2.20及以上的部位應計算全面積;層高不足2.20的部位應計算1/2面積。設計加以利用,無維護結構的建筑吊腳架空層,應按其利用部位水平面積的1/2計算;設計不利用的深基礎架空層,坡地吊腳架空層,多層建筑坡屋頂內,場館看臺下的空 間不應計算面積。
3
07 建筑物的門廳,大廳按一層計算建筑面積,門廳,大廳內設有回廊時,應按其結構底板水平面積計算?;乩炔愀咴?/span>2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。
3
08 建筑物間有圍護結構的架空走廊,應按其維護結構外圍水平面積,層高在2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。由永久性頂蓋無維護結構的應按其結構底板水平面積的1/2計算。
3
09 立體書庫,立體倉庫,立體車庫,無結構層的應按一層計算,有結構層的應按其結構層面積分別計算。層高在2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。
3
010 有圍護結構的舞臺燈光控制室,應按其圍護結構外圍水平面積,層高在2.20以及以上者應計算全面積,層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。
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011 建筑物外圍有圍護結構的落地櫥窗,門斗,挑廊,走廊,檐廊,應按其圍護結構外圍水平面積極算,層高在2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。由永久性頂蓋無圍護結構的應按其結構底板水平面積的1/2計算。
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012 有永久性頂蓋無圍護結構的場館看臺應按其頂蓋水平投影面積的1/2計算。
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013 建筑物頂部有圍護結構的樓梯間,水箱間,電梯機房等,層高在2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積
3
014 設有圍護結構不垂直于水平面而超出底板外沿的建筑物,應按其底板外外圍水平面積計算,層高在2.20及以上者應計算全面積;層高不足2.20者應計算1/2面積。
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015 建筑物內的室內樓梯間,電梯井,觀光電梯井,體悟井,管道井,通風排起豎井,垃圾道,附墻煙窗應按建筑物的自然層計算。
3
016 雨蓬結構的外邊線至外墻結構外邊線的寬度超過2.10者,應按雨蓬結構板的水平投影面積的1/2計算。
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017 有永久性頂蓋的室外樓梯,應按建筑物自然層的水平投影面積的1/2計算。
3
018 建筑物的陽臺均應按其水平投影的1/2計算。
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019 有永久性頂蓋無圍護結構的車棚,貨棚,站臺,加油站,收費站等,應按其頂蓋水平投影面積的1/2計算。
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020 高低聯垮的建筑物,應以高跨結構外邊線為界分別計算建筑面積,,其高低跨內部連通時,其變形縫應計算在低跨面積內。
3
021 以幕墻作為圍護結構的建筑物,應按幕墻外邊線計算建筑面積。
3
022 建筑物外墻外側有保溫隔熱層,應按保溫隔熱層外邊線計算建筑面積。
3
024 下列項目不應計算建筑面積:
1
. 建筑物通道《騎樓,過街樓的底層》。
2
. 建筑物內的設備管道夾層。
3
. 建筑物內分隔的單層房間,舞臺及后臺懸掛幕布,布景的天橋,挑臺等。
4
. 屋頂水箱,花架,涼棚,露臺,露天游泳池。
5
. 建筑物內的操作平臺,上料平臺,安裝箱和罐體的平臺。
6
. 勒腳,附墻柱,垛,臺階,墻面抹灰,裝飾面,鑲貼塊料面層,裝飾性空調室外機擱板《箱》,飄窗,構件,配件,寬度在2.10及以內的雨蓬以及與建筑物內不相聯通的裝飾性陽臺,挑廊。
7
. 無永久性頂蓋的架空走廊,室外樓梯和用于檢修,消防等的室外鋼樓梯,爬
梯。
8
. 自動扶梯,自動人行道。
9
. 獨立煙窗,煙道,地溝,由《水》罐,氣柜,水塔,除油《水》池,儲倉,
棧橋,地下人防通道,地鐵隧道。

中華人民共和國國家標準

建筑工程建筑面積計算規范


1
總則
1
O1我國的《建筑面積計算規則》是在20世紀70年代依據前蘇聯的做法結合我國的情況制訂的.1982年國家經委基本建設辦公室(82)經基設字58號印發了《建筑面積計算規則》是對20世紀70年代制訂的《建筑面積計算規則》的修訂。1995年建設部發布《全國統一建筑工程預算工程量計算規則》(土建工程GJI)cz10195),其中含“建筑面積計算規則”(以下簡稱“原面積計算規則”)。是對1982年的《建筑面積計算規則》的修訂。一直以來,《建筑面積計算規則》在建筑工程造價管理方面起著非常重要的作用,是建筑房屋計算工程量的主要指標,是計算單位工程每平方米預算造價的主要依據。是統計部門匯總發布房屋建筑面積完成情況的基礎。目前,建設部和國家質量技術監督局頒發的《房產測量規范》的房產面積計算,以及《住宅設計規范》中有關面積的計算,均依據的是《建筑面積計算規則》。隨著我國建筑市場發展,建筑的新結構、新材料、新技術、新的施工方法層出不窮,為了解決建筑技術的發展產生的面積計算問題,使建筑面積的計算更加科學合理,完善和統一建筑面積的計算范圍和計算方法,對建筑市場發揮更大的作用。因此,對原《建筑面積計算規則》予以修訂??悸塹健督ㄖ婊撲愎嬖頡返鬧匾饔?,此次將修訂的《建筑面積計算規則》改為《建筑工程建筑面積計算規范》(以下簡稱“本規范”)。
1
02本規范的適用范圍是新建、擴建、改建的工業與民用建筑工程的建筑面積的計算,包括工業廠房、倉庫,公共建筑、居住建筑,農業生產使用的房屋、糧種倉庫、地鐵車站等的建筑面積的計算。
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計算建筑面積的規定
3
01本規范規定建筑面積的計算是以勒腳以上外墻結構外邊線計算。勒腳是墻根部很矮的一部分墻體加厚,不能代表整個外墻結構,因此要扣除勒腳墻體加厚的部分。
3
02單層建筑物應按不同的高度確定其面積的計算。其高度指室內地面標高至屋面板板面結構標高之間的垂直距離。遇有以屋面板找坡的平屋頂單層建筑物。其高度指室內地面標高至屋面板最低處板面結構標高之間的垂直距離。
關于坡屋頂內空間如何計算建筑面積,我們參照了《住宅設計規范》的有關規定,將坡屋頂的建筑按不同凈高確定其面積的計算。凈高指樓面或地面至上部樓板底或吊頂底面之間垂直距離。
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03多層建筑物的建筑面積計算應按不同的層高分別計算。層高是指上下兩層樓面結構標高之間的垂直距離。建筑物最底層的層高,有基礎底板的按基礎底板上表面結構至上層樓面的結構標高之間的垂直距離;沒有基礎底板指地面標高至上層樓面結構標高之間的垂直距離,最上一層的層高是其樓面結構標高至屋面板板面結構標高之間的垂直距離,遇有以屋面板找坡的屋面,層高指樓面結構標高至屋面板最低處板面結構標高之間的垂直距離。
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04多層建筑坡屋頂內和場館看臺下的空間應視為坡屋頂內的空間,設計加以利用時,應按其凈高確定其面積的計算。設計不利用的空間,不應計算建筑面積。
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05地下室、半地下室應以其外墻上口外邊線所圍水平面積計算。原計算規則規定按地下室、半地下室上口外墻外圍水平面積計算,文字上不甚嚴密,“上口外墻”容易理解為地下室、半地下室的上一層建筑的外墻。由于上一層建筑外墻與地下室墻的中心線不一定完全重疊,多數情況是凸出或凹進地下室外墻中心線。
3
06建于坡地的建筑物吊腳架空層(見圖1)。

Construction area of single-storey building shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of structure above exterior wall plinth. Such measurement shall comply with the following provisions:

  1. For single-storey building with a height of 2.20m or above, whole area shall be measured; and for that with a height less than 2.20m, 1/2 area shall be measured.

  2. When space within pitched roof is used, the part where clear height from lower surface of roof to floor exceeds 2.10m shall be measured on a whole area basis; the part where clear height is between 1.20m-2.10m shall be measured on a 1/2 area basis; and area of the part where clear height is less than 1.20m shall not be measured. 

3.0.2 For single-storey building with flat layers as part of itself, the second and above layers of such flat layers, which are provided with envelop enclosure, shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of the envelop enclosure, and that without envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with horizontal area of its structural bottom plate. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.3 For multi-storey buildings, the ground floor shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of structure above its exterior wall plinth; the second and above floors shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of its exterior wall structure. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.4 When space in pitched roof of a multi-storey building and below stadium stand is designed for use, the part where clear height from lower surface of roof to floor exceeds 2.10m shall be measured on a whole area basis; the part where clear height is between 1.20m-2.10m shall be measured on a 1/2 area basis; and when such space is not designed for use or indoor clear height is below 1.20m, the area shall not be measured.

3.0.5 Basement, semi-basement (workshop, store, station, garage, warehouse and etc.), including corresponding entrances and exits equipped with permanent cap, shall be measured in accordance with the horizontal area surrounded by outside line of its exterior wall upper opening (excluding light well, exterior wall dampproof course and its protective wall). In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.6 Should suspending empty space and deep foundation empty space of slope building be designed for use and equipped with an envelop enclosure, in case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured. For building suspending empty space designed for use but without any envelop enclosure, its area shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal area of its utilized part; area of deep foundation empty space, slope field suspending empty space, as well as space in multi-storey building pitched roof and below stadium stand, which is not designed for use, shall not be measured.

3.0.7 Construction area of building foyer and hall shall be measured as a floor. The foyer and hall equipped with cloister shall be measured in accordance with horizontal area of its structure bottom plate. In case storey height of the cloister is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.8 For bridge way with an envelope enclosure between buildings, its construction area shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of its envelope enclosure; In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured. Construction area of a bridge way with permanent cap but without envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal area of its structural bottom plate.

3.0.9 Area of three-dimensional stack room, warehouse and garage without structural storey shall be measured as a floor, and that with structural stories shall be measured respectively in accordance with area of its structural stories. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.10 Stage lighting control room with envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of the envelop enclosure. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.11 Construction area of French window, foyer, overhanging corridor, corridor gollory and eaves gollory with envelop enclosure outside the building shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of the envelop enclosure. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured. Construction area of a bridge way with permanent cap but without envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal area of its structural bottom plate.

Construction area of a stadium stand with permanent cap but without envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal projection area of its cap.

3.0.13 For staircase, water tank room, elevator machine room and etc. with envelop enclosure on top of a building, in case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured. 

3.0.14 For building with an envelop enclosure that is not vertical to the horizontal surface but runs out of bottom plate outer edge, its construction area shall be measured in accordance with outlying horizontal area of its bottom plate surface. In case storey height is 2.20m and above, a whole area shall be measured; or otherwise, 1/2 area shall be measured.

3.0.15 Construction area of indoor staircase, lift shaft, sightseeing lift shaft, hoist shaft, pipe shaft, ventilation shaft, refuse chute and wall-attached chimney within a building shall be measured in accordance with its floors.

3.0.16 Should the width from outside line of canopy structure to that of exterior wall structure exceed 2.10m, construction area shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal projection area of canopy structural plate.

3.0.17 For outdoor stairs with a permanent cap, their construction area shall be measured in accordance with horizontal projection area of building floors.

3.0.18 Construction area of building balcony shall be measured in accordance with its 1/2 projection area.

3.0.19 Construction area of car shed, goods shed, platform, gas station, toll station and etc. with permanent cap but without envelop enclosure shall be measured in accordance with 1/2 horizontal projection area of its cap.

3.0.20 For low-high span building, construction area shall be respectively measured as bounded by outside line of high span structure; when low and high spans are communicated internally, its deformation joint shall be measured in low span area.

3.0.21 For building taking curtain wall as envelop enclosure, its construction area shall be measured as bounded by outside line of the curtain wall.

3.0.22 For building whose exterior wall is equipped with thermal insulation layer, its construction area shall be measured as bounded by outside line of the thermal insulation layer.

3.0.23 Expansion joint within the building shall be combined based on its floor and measured in area of the building.

3.0.24 Area of the following items shall be measured:

   1. Passage (ground floor of overhang and arcade).

   2. Equipment pipeline lamination within building.

   3. Partitioned single-storey room, stage, background hanging curtain, scenic overbridge, cantilever platform and etc. in the building.

   4. Water tank, floor stand, mat shed, balcony and open-air swimming pool on roof.

   5. Operating platform, feed platform, installation case and tank platform in the building.

   6. Plinth, wall-attached pillar, buttress, step, wall plastering, decorative surface, inlaid block facing, decorative curtain wall, air-conditioning outside unit shelf (case), bay window, structures, accessories, canopy with a width of 2.10m or below, as well as non-communicated decorative balcony and overhanging corridor in the building.

   7. Bridge way and outdoor stairs without permanent cap, as well as outdoor steel stairs and ladders used for maintenance and fire fighting

   8. Escalator, moving sidewalk

   9. Independent chimney, flue, trench, oil (water) tank, gas holder, water tower, oil (water) reservoir, bin, trestle, underground civil air defense passage and subway tunnel.

 

National Standard of the People's Republic of China

Standard Measurement for Construction Area of Building

GB/T 50353-2005

Explanation

 

1 General Provisions

1.0.1 Chinese Calculation Rules of Construction Area was formulated in 1970s, with reference to Soviet’s practice, and taking Chinese condition into account. In 1982, Infrastructure Office of State Economic Commission printed and distributed Calculation Rules of Construction Area ((82) J.J.S.Zi No. 58), which was a revision made to the aforesaid rules. In 1995, the Ministry of Construction promulgated Calculation Rules of National Unified Budget Quota of Construction Engineering (civil work GJDCZ-101-95), containing “Calculation Rules of Construction Area” (hereinafter referred to as “original Calculation Rules of Construction Area”). It was a revision made to the Calculation Rules of Construction Area promulgated in 1982.

The Calculation Rules of Construction Area has been played an important role in cost management of construction engineering, and has been a major indicator of building construction workload calculation, main reference for calculation of budgeted cost of each square meter of unit project, and the basis on which statistic department publicizes completion of building construction area in a summarized way. At present, both real estate area calculation in the Specifications for Estate Surveying enacted by the Ministry of Construction and State Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision and area-related calculation in the Design Code for Residential Buildings refers to the Calculation Rules of Construction Area. Following development of Chinese construction market, new construction structures, new building materials, new construction technology and new construction methods have emerged in an endless stream. The original Calculation Rules of Construction Area was revised for the purposes of solving area calculation issues came out following development of construction technologies, making construction area calculation more scientific and reasonable, improving and unifying calculation scope and calculation method of construction area to enable it to play a more significant role in construction market. Considering significance of the Construction Rules of Construction Area, the revised Construction Rules of Construction Area was renamed as Standard Measurement for Construction Area of Building (hereinafter referred to as “the Standard”).

1.0.2 The Standard covers construction area measurement of new built, expanded and reconstructed industrial and civil work, including construction area measurement of industrial plant, warehouse, public building, residential building, buildings for agricultural production, foodstuff seed warehouse, subway station and etc.

 

3 Provisions on Measurement of Construction Area

3.0.1 For purpose of the Standard, construction area is measured as bounded by outside line of exterior wall structure above plinth. Plinth is part of low thickened wall at root of the wall, thus failing to represent the whole exterior wall structure. Therefore, the thickened wall of the plinth shall be deducted.

3.0.2 Area measurement of single-storey building shall be determined in accordance with different height. Such height means the vertical distance between indoor ground elevation and roof board surface structural elevation. In the event of flat roof single-storey building that makes slope by roof board, its height means the vertical distance between indoor ground elevation and roof board surface structural elevation.

With respect to construction area measurement of space in pitched roof, we determine area measurement of pitched roof buildings according to different clear height with reference to the Design Code for Residential Buildings. Clear height means vertical clearance between floor or ground and upper floor bottom or ceiling bottom.

3.0.3 Construction area of multi-storey building shall be respectively measured in accordance with different storey height. Storey height means vertical distance between structural elevation of upper and lower floors. For ground floor with foundation slab, storey height means vertical distance between elevation of foundation slab upper surface structure to upper floor structure; and for that without foundation slab, storey height means vertical distance between ground elevation and upper floor structure elevation; for the highest floor, storey height means vertical distance between floor structure elevation and roof board surface structural elevation; in the event of roof making slope by roof board, storey height means vertical distance between floor structure elevation and board structure elevation at lowest part of the roof board.

3.0.4 Space in pitched roof of multi-storey building and below stadium stand shall be deemed as space in pitched roof. When such space is designed for use, its area measurement shall be determined based on its clear height. And construction area of the space not designed for use shall not be measured.

3.0.5 Construction area of basement and semi-basement shall be measured in accordance with horizontal area surrounded by outside line of its exterior wall upper opening. The original Calculation Rules stipulated to measure in accordance with outlying horizontal area of exterior wall of basement and semi-basement upper opening, which was not rigid literally, as “exterior wall of upper opening” would be easily understood as exterior wall of upper floor of the basement and semi-basement. Because central lines of the immediate upper building exterior wall and basement wall not always completely overlap, in most cases, central line of the immediate upper building exterior wall protrudes or dents on that of basement exterior wall.

 

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