4 Project Quality Assurance Measures
1 Quality Assurance Measures
Ensuring excellent project quality should start with construction
management, quality management, finished product protection, data
management, etc. and quality assurance measures should be introduced for
important working procedures according to the project characteristics.
1.1 Strengthening Construction Management
A thorough quality assurance system should be established.
Based on the project characteristics and quality targets, a thorough
quality assurance system comprising the project manager, the executive
manager, the engineer in chief, professional engineers, quality
engineers, etc. should be established from top to bottom.
1.2 Strengthening Project Entity Quality Management
Construction operation should emphasize working procedure optimization,
technological improvement, and standardized operation of working
procedures. With unceasing exploration, necessary management and
operation experience should be gained to improve the operation levels of
working procedures and ensure operation quality. For fit-out works,
demonstration models should be made before beginning large-area
operation to unify operation requirements and define quality goals.
Project Quality Pre-control
Giving the education of quality awareness and heightening the quality
awareness among the staff is the primary measures to strive for
excellence. Before the project is commenced, according to the project
characteristics, the engineer in chief is responsible for organizing
departments and personnel concerned to prepare the quality awareness
education program for the project, including the training of quality
policies, quality goals, excellence programs, quality plans, technical
regulations, procedures, processes, construction methods, and quality
acceptance and assessment criteria. The quality awareness of various
management personnel is raised by education.
② Strengthening the section of material suppliers and the entry
management of resources
The suppliers of construction formwork, concrete material, reinforcement
raw material, finished and semi-finished products should be selected in
an all-round way from multiple perspectives. The standard for material
selection should be good product quality, reasonable material prices,
and excellent finished product quality. An archive of qualified material
suppliers should be established to determine the suppliers with good
③ Paying more effort to learn drawings and specifications
The project constructed in strict conformity with the specifications is
an excellent project. The project regularly organizes the technicians,
on-site construction management personnel, and construction crew members
to learn the drawings and specifications, letting them familiar with the
requirements of and carry out construction in accordance with the
drawings and specifications. In this way, they can deepen their
understanding of the design intent, and check on the drawings to find
out problems in the drawings and solve the problems in preparation
Enhancing control of process quality
① To build technical bases for creating excellence with the construction
organization plan and scheme as the lead.
Before commencement, a list of the construction organization plan and
the construction scheme to be devised should be prepared to define the
time and the persons in charge. Before the final version of the
construction organization plan and the construction scheme is
determined, a symposium should be held to make full reference to the
opinions of all parties.
② Strongly operational and well-directed technical disclosure should be
prepared based on the defined construction organization plan and
construction scheme. Then personnel concerned are organized to study the
technical disclosure so as to carry out construction and inspection in
strict accordance with the technical disclosure.
1.3 Enhancing Finished Product Protection
Detailed protective measures of finished products should be designed for
key parts of the project, with responsibilities made to the crew and
person. The working sequences should be reasonably arranged to reduce
1.4 Engineering Data Management
The project department should from the preliminary work start to arrange
data gathering and sorting according to high quality standards.
① Data Management
Mainly including the project task document, approval documents for
construction application, main project plans, elevation views,
cross-section views, construction contracts, pictures of project parts
reflecting the project information with word explanation, project
completion acceptance data, project quality acceptance records, the
project overview, literal data of construction quality, and finished
product protection plans and implementation.
② Project Quality Assurance Data
Mainly including the technical data of product and raw material quality
guarantees, material materials for equipment, and guarantee data of
quality certificates and retest reports of equipment.
③ Main Project Technical Data
Mainly including the general construction records, drawing change
records, equipment installation records, pre-check records, concealed
works inspection records, construction test records, project quality
acceptance records, and commencement and completion reports, etc.