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4、工程質量保證措施
4 Project Quality Assurance Measures
1質量保證措施
1 Quality Assurance Measures
為保證優良的工程質量,必須從施工管理、質量管理、成品?;?、數據管理等幾個主面入手,并針對工程特點制定重點工序的質量保證措施。
Ensuring excellent project quality should start with construction management, quality management, finished product protection, data management, etc. and quality assurance measures should be introduced for important working procedures according to the project characteristics.
1.1加強施工管理
1.1 Strengthening Construction Management
建立完善質保體系
A thorough quality assurance system should be established.
針對工程特點和質量目標,由項目經理、執行經理、項目總工、專業工程師、質量工程師等組成自上而下建立一套完善的質量保證體系。
Based on the project characteristics and quality targets, a thorough quality assurance system comprising the project manager, the executive manager, the engineer in chief, professional engineers, quality engineers, etc. should be established from top to bottom.
1.2加強工程實體質量管理
1.2 Strengthening Project Entity Quality Management
施工操作注重工序的優化、工藝的改進和工序的標準化操作,通過不斷探索,積累必要的管理和操作經驗,提高工序的操作水平,確保操作質量。裝修工程要在開始大面積操作前做出示范樣板,統一操作要求,明確質量目標。
Construction operation should emphasize working procedure optimization, technological improvement, and standardized operation of working procedures. With unceasing exploration, necessary management and operation experience should be gained to improve the operation levels of working procedures and ensure operation quality. For fit-out works, demonstration models should be made before beginning large-area operation to unify operation requirements and define quality goals.
工程質量預控
Project Quality Pre-control
① 培訓
① Training
進行質量意識的教育,增強全體員工的質量意識是創優的首要措施。工程開工前針對工程特點,由項目總工負責組織有關部門及人員編寫本項目的質量意識教育計劃。包括對質量方針、質量目標、創優計劃、質量計劃、技術法規、規程、工藝、工法和質量驗評標準的培訓。通過教育提高各類管理人員的質量意識。
Giving the education of quality awareness and heightening the quality awareness among the staff is the primary measures to strive for excellence. Before the project is commenced, according to the project characteristics, the engineer in chief is responsible for organizing departments and personnel concerned to prepare the quality awareness education program for the project, including the training of quality policies, quality goals, excellence programs, quality plans, technical regulations, procedures, processes, construction methods, and quality acceptance and assessment criteria. The quality awareness of various management personnel is raised by education.
② 加強材料供貨商的選擇和物資的進場管理
② Strengthening the section of material suppliers and the entry management of resources
對施工中模板、混凝土材料、鋼筋原材及成品、半成品的供貨商的選擇要采用全方位、多角度的方式進行,以產品質量優良、材料價格合理、施工成品質量優良為材料選擇的標準。建立合格材料供貨商檔案庫,從中定出信譽好的材料供貨商。
The suppliers of construction formwork, concrete material, reinforcement raw material, finished and semi-finished products should be selected in an all-round way from multiple perspectives. The standard for material selection should be good product quality, reasonable material prices, and excellent finished product quality. An archive of qualified material suppliers should be established to determine the suppliers with good reputation.
③ 加強對圖紙、規范的學習
③ Paying more effort to learn drawings and specifications
嚴格按規范施工的工程才是優質工程,項目定期組織技術人員、現場施工管理人員以施工班組有關人員進行圖紙和規范的學習,做到熟悉圖紙和規范的要求,嚴格按圖紙和規范施工,在熟悉圖紙的過程中深刻理解設計意圖,同時給圖紙把關,找出圖紙中存在的問題,把問題解決在準備階段。
The project constructed in strict conformity with the specifications is an excellent project. The project regularly organizes the technicians, on-site construction management personnel, and construction crew members to learn the drawings and specifications, letting them familiar with the requirements of and carry out construction in accordance with the drawings and specifications. In this way, they can deepen their understanding of the design intent, and check on the drawings to find out problems in the drawings and solve the problems in preparation stage.
加強過程質量的監控
Enhancing control of process quality
①以施工組織設計和方案為龍頭,建構創優的技術基礎
① To build technical bases for creating excellence with the construction organization plan and scheme as the lead.
開工前,根據施工特點,制定需要編制的施工組織設計和施工方案的清單,明確時間和責任人。施工組織設計和方案在定稿前都要召開專題討論會,充分參考各方意見。
Before commencement, a list of the construction organization plan and the construction scheme to be devised should be prepared to define the time and the persons in charge. Before the final version of the construction organization plan and the construction scheme is determined, a symposium should be held to make full reference to the opinions of all parties.
②根據確定的施工組織設計和方案,編制操作性、針對性強的技術交底,組織各方面人員對技術交底進行學習,嚴格要求按技術交底施工,嚴格按技術交底內容進行檢查。
② Strongly operational and well-directed technical disclosure should be prepared based on the defined construction organization plan and construction scheme. Then personnel concerned are organized to study the technical disclosure so as to carry out construction and inspection in strict accordance with the technical disclosure.
1.3加強成品?;?br> 1.3 Enhancing Finished Product Protection
針對工程的重點部位,編寫詳細的成品?;ご朧?,責任落實到班組、到人。合理安排工序、減少工序穿插。
Detailed protective measures of finished products should be designed for key parts of the project, with responsibilities made to the crew and person. The working sequences should be reasonably arranged to reduce alternation.
1.4工程數據管理
1.4 Engineering Data Management
項目部從前期工作開始即要按高質量標準要求去安排數據的收集和整理,高標準嚴要求。
The project department should from the preliminary work start to arrange data gathering and sorting according to high quality standards.
①管理數據
① Data Management
主要包括工程項目計劃任務書、報建批準文件、工程主要的平面圖、立面圖、剖面圖、施工合同書、反映工程概況并附文字說明的工程各部位照片、工程竣工驗收數據、工程質量驗收記錄、工程概況和施工質量情況的文字數據等及成品?;ぜ蘋朧凳┣榭?br> Mainly including the project task document, approval documents for construction application, main project plans, elevation views, cross-section views, construction contracts, pictures of project parts reflecting the project information with word explanation, project completion acceptance data, project quality acceptance records, the project overview, literal data of construction quality, and finished product protection plans and implementation.
②工程質量保證數據
② Project Quality Assurance Data
主要包括產品、原材料質量保證書的技術數據、設備安裝的主要材料和設備應有質保書和復試報告等保證資料。
Mainly including the technical data of product and raw material quality guarantees, material materials for equipment, and guarantee data of quality certificates and retest reports of equipment.
③工程主要技術數據
③ Main Project Technical Data
主要包括工程一般施工記錄、圖紙變更記錄、設備安裝記錄、預檢記錄、隱蔽工程檢查記錄、施工試驗記錄、工程質量驗收記錄及開竣工報告等。
Mainly including the general construction records, drawing change records, equipment installation records, pre-check records, concealed works inspection records, construction test records, project quality acceptance records, and commencement and completion reports, etc.